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OBJECTIVE DCC is the receptor for netrin, a protein that guides axon migration of developing neurons across the body's midline. Mutations in the DCC gene were recently identified in 2 families with congenital mirror movements (MM). The objective was to study clinical and genetic characteristics of 3 European families with MM and to test whether this(More)
BACKGROUND Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) or attacks consist of paroxysmal behavioural changes that resemble an epileptic seizure but are not associated with electrophysiological epileptic changes. They are caused by a psychopathological process and are primarily diagnosed on history and video-EEG. Clinical presentation comprises a wide range of(More)
Essential tremor is a movement disorder characterized by tremor during voluntary movements, mainly affecting the upper limbs. The cerebellum and its connections to the cortex are known to be involved in essential tremor, but no task-free intrinsic signatures of tremor related to structural cerebellar defects have so far been found in the cortical motor(More)
This prospective study investigated and compared psychiatric features of 25 consecutive patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) on the basis of presence of reported trauma. The "trauma" group comprised 19 patients (76%) and the "no-trauma" group comprised 6 patients (34%). We compared history of PNES, psychiatric comorbidity, alexithymia, and(More)
Plasticity of the human primary motor cortex (M1) has a critical role in motor control and learning. The cerebellum facilitates these functions using sensory feedback. We investigated whether cerebellar processing of sensory afferent information influences the plasticity of the primary motor cortex (M1). Theta-burst stimulation protocols (TBS), both(More)
A large body of evidence points to a role of basal ganglia dysfunction in the pathophysiology of dystonia, but recent studies indicate that cerebellar dysfunction may also be involved. The cerebellum influences sensorimotor adaptation by modulating sensorimotor plasticity of the primary motor cortex. Motor cortex sensorimotor plasticity is maladaptive in(More)
Mirror movements are involuntary symmetrical movements of one side of the body that mirror voluntary movements of the other side. Congenital mirror movement disorder is a rare condition characterized by mirror movements that persist throughout adulthood in subjects with no other clinical abnormalities. The affected individuals have mirror movements(More)
BACKGROUND Recent neuroimaging studies point to a possible pathophysiological role of cerebellar dysfunction in dystonia. The authors investigated the association between sensorimotor adaptation, cerebellar dysfunction and the myoclonus-dystonia phenotype. METHODS The authors prospectively analysed reactive saccade adaptation in a genetically homogeneous(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper summarizes the recent literature on the phenomena of psychogenic non epileptic seizures (PNES). DEFINITION AND EPIDEMIOLOGY: PNES are, as altered movement, sensation or experience, similar to epilepsy, but caused by a psychological process. Although in the ICD-10, PNES belong to the group of dissociative disorders, they are classified(More)
1. The osmotic fragility, the concentrations of Na, K and Ca, the osmolality and the total ATPase activity of bovine erythrocytes from uninfected and Anaplasma marginale-infected bovines were studied in an attempt to correlate these parameters with the decrease in the cellular ATP concentration reported during bovine anaplasmosis. 2. The osmotic fragility(More)