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BACKGROUND The BTB-KELCH protein Gigaxonin plays key roles in sustaining neuron survival and cytoskeleton architecture. Indeed, recessive mutations in the Gigaxonin-encoding gene cause Giant Axonal Neuropathy (GAN), a severe neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a wide disorganization of the Intermediate Filament network. Growing evidences suggest(More)
AIMS Our objective was to clarify the clinical heterogeneity in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS The French dystrophinopathy database provided clinical, histochemical and molecular data of 278 DMD patients (mean longitudinal follow-up: 14.2 years). Diagnosis was based on mutation identification in the DMD gene. Three groups were defined(More)
In children with hemiplegia, it is important to distinguish between equinus with hindfoot varus (equinovarus) or valgus (equinovalgus). Premature onset of medial gastrocnemius (GM) EMG in individuals with equinus is well documented. Premature onset of Peroneus longus (PL) EMG has been described in neurologically impaired adults with equinovalgus, but not in(More)
The objective of this work was to study the natural history of dystrophinopathies and the genotype-phenotype correlations made possible by the development of the clinical part of the French DMD database. The collection of 70,000 clinical data for 600 patients with an average longitudinal follow-up of 12years enabled clarification of the natural history of(More)
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