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OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and severity of peripheral enthesitis among the different subtypes of spondylarthropathy (SpA) by using ultrasonography (US) in B mode with power Doppler. METHODS One hundred sixty-four consecutive patients with SpA (according to the criteria of the European Spondylarthropathy Study Group) and 64 control patients (34(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical joint examination (CJE) is less time-consuming than ultrasound (US) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Low concordance between CJE and US would indicate that the 2 tests provide different types of information. Knowledge of factors associated with CJE/US concordance would help to select patients and joints for US. Our objective was to identify(More)
HLA-B27 transgenic rats and strains of HLA-B27-transgenic beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)m)-deficient mice develop a multisystem inflammatory disease affecting the joints, skin, and bowel with strong similarity to human spondyloarthritis. We show that HLA-B27 transgenic mice and rats express HC10-reactive, beta(2)m-free HLA-B27 homodimers (B27(2)) and(More)
OBJECTIVE A disease resembling the human spondylarthropathies develops in HLA-B27-transgenic rats. This disease in rats is mediated by CD4+ T cells, but antigen-presenting cells (APCs) may also play a role. Dendritic cells (DCs) have been reported to be defective in allogeneic mixed lymphocyte culture in this model. Here, we further investigated the(More)
The HLA-B27 molecule is strongly associated with the spondyloarthropathies, a group of chronic inflammatory diseases, affecting the skeleton, the bowel and the skin. This association has been largely studied, but mechanisms of pathology remain unclear. The HLA-B27 transgenic rats develop a spontaneous disease that strikingly resembles human(More)
The HLA-B27 molecule is strongly associated with the spondyloarthropathies (SpA), a group of inflammatory conditions affecting the skeleton, the skin and several mucosae. The mechanism of this association remains unknown, largely because the HLA-B27 molecule displays normal function. A disease that closely mimicks SpA arises spontaneously in HLA-B27(More)
UNLABELLED Power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) has proved to be a highly sensitive tool for assessing enthesitis in spondyloarthritis (SpA). In patients with a suspected SpA, diagnosis could be improved by detecting enthesitis with PDUS. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the performance of PDUS for the diagnosis of SpA alone or combined with other clinical, laboratory(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the molecular mechanism responsible for the reduced capacity of dendritic cells (DCs) from HLA-B27-transgenic rats to form conjugates with naive T cells. METHODS We monitored interactions between DCs derived from HLA-B27-transgenic, HLA-B7-transgenic control, and nontransgenic rats and naive CD4+ T cells. Chemoattraction was(More)
OBJECTIVE Spondylarthritis (SpA) is characterized by spinal and peripheral joint inflammation, frequently combined with extraarticular manifestations. Despite the well-established association of SpA with the class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) allele HLA-B27, there are still different, parallel hypotheses on the relationship between HLA-B27 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether and to what extent the intracellular trafficking features of HLA-B*2705, which is associated with the development of spondylarthritis (SpA), differ from those of HLA-B*2709 and HLA-B*0702, which are not associated with SpA. METHODS HeLa cells were transfected with complementary DNA encoding for HLA-B proteins fused to Renilla(More)