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AIMS To assess if the inhibitory potency of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on cyclooxygenase (COX) isoenzymes, when given therapeutically in humans, can be predicted from their in vitro concentration-response curves using the whole blood assay. METHODS Twenty-four healthy male volunteers aged 20--27 years were recruited. Inhibition of blood(More)
Face and object priming has been extensively studied, but less is known about the repetition processes which are specific to each material and those which are common to both types of material. In order to track the time course of these repetition processes, EEG was recorded while 12 healthy young subjects performed a long-term perceptual repetition priming(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the distribution of leptin, adiponectin and resistin between paired serum and synovial fluid (SF) samples of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and to determine the potential sources of these adipokines in the joint. The active free form of leptin was also examined by evaluating the level of the soluble leptin receptor (sOb-R). METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Conflicting findings raise questions about the role of adiponectin in osteoarthritis (OA). The current study aimed to investigate in OA patients the association between the production of adiponectin and the grade of cartilage destruction, and to provide functional evidence for a potential role of adiponectin in OA. DESIGN The expression of(More)
INTRODUCTION Increasing evidence support the regulatory role of leptin in osteoarthritis (OA). As high circulating concentrations of leptin disrupt the physiological function of the adipokine in obese individuals, the current study has been undertaken to determine whether the elevated levels of leptin found in the joint from obese OA patients also induce(More)
Familiarity is better preserved than recollection in ageing. The age at which changes first occur and the slope of the subsequent decline, however, remain unclear. In this study, we investigated changes in episodic memory, by using event-related potentials (ERPs) in young (m=24), middle-aged (m=58) and older (m=70) adults. Although behavioural performance(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit the cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms which accounts for their clinical effects. The differential inhibition of COX-1 and COX-2 is not sufficient to explain the absence of a correlation between in vitro and in vivo effects, especially for 2-aryl-propionates, thus indicating the participation of metabolites.(More)
Oxidative damage by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been considered relevant to the occurrence of gastro-intestinal side-effects. In the case of chiral arylpropionate derivatives like ketoprofen (KPF), this mechanism has been evidenced for the R-enantiomer, especially when chiral inversion was observed, and lets us suppose the involvement(More)
Although extensive evidence support the key role of adipokines in cartilage homeostasis, contradictory data have been found for their expression and their effects in chondrocytes. This study was then undertaken to determine whether a phenotypic modulation may affect the expression of adipokines and their receptors in human chondrocytes. The expression of(More)
The role of body weight in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) - previously considered the sole factor in the association between obesity and OA - is being re-evaluated as the contribution of adiposity to the cartilage degenerative process becomes clearer. The current study has been undertaken to better understand the role of adipose-derived proteins,(More)