Cécile Godard

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The molecular mechanisms by which liver genes are differentially expressed along a portocentral axis, allowing for metabolic zonation, are poorly understood. We provide here compelling evidence that the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays a key role in liver zonation. First, we show the complementary localization of activated beta-catenin in the perivenous area(More)
Although inappropriate activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway has been implicated in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the role of this signaling in liver carcinogenesis remains unclear. To investigate this issue, we constructed a mutant mouse strain, Apc(lox/lox), in which exon 14 of the tumor-suppressor gene adenomatous polyposis coli(More)
Loss of Apc appears to be one of the major events initiating colorectal cancer. However, the first events responsible for this initiation process are not well defined and the ways in which different epithelial cell types respond to Apc loss are unknown. We used a conditional gene-ablation approach in transgenic mice expressing tamoxifen-dependent Cre(More)
Perturbations to the Wnt signaling pathway have been implicated in a large proportion of human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). Activating beta-catenin mutations and loss of function mutations in Axin1 are thought to be functionally equivalent. We examined the Wnt pathway in HCC by comparing the expression of beta-catenin target genes and the level of(More)
The H19 locus belongs to a cluster of imprinted genes that is linked to the human Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. The expression of H19 and its closely associated IGF2 gene is frequently deregulated in some human tumors, such as Wilms' tumors. In these cases, biallelic IGF2 expression and lack of expression of H19 are associated with hypermethylation of the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS β-Catenin is an oncogene frequently mutated in hepatocellular carcinoma. In this study, we investigated target genes of β-catenin signaling in hepatocyte proliferation. METHODS We studied transgenic mice displaying either inactivation or activation of the β-catenin pathway, focusing on analysis of liver proliferation due to aberrant(More)
Murine models of familial adenomatous polyposis harbor a germinal heterozygous mutation on Apc tumor suppressor gene. They are valuable tools for studying intestinal carcinogenesis, as most human sporadic cancers contain inactivating mutations of APC. However, Apc(+/-) mice, such as the well-characterized Apc(Min/+) model, develop cancers principally in the(More)
To clarify molecular mechanisms underlying liver carcinogenesis induced by aberrant activation of Wnt pathway, we isolated the target genes of beta-catenin from mice exhibiting constitutive activated beta-catenin in the liver. Adenovirus-mediated expression of oncogenic beta-catenin was used to isolate early targets of beta-catenin in the liver. Suppression(More)
UNLABELLED β-catenin signaling can be both a physiological and oncogenic pathway in the liver. It controls compartmentalized gene expression, allowing the liver to ensure its essential metabolic function. It is activated by mutations in 20%-40% of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) with specific metabolic features. We decipher the molecular determinants of(More)
The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway is a key developmental pathway for which alterations have been described in various human cancers. The aberrant activation of this pathway is a major event in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Several laboratories have shown that the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays an essential role in all phases of liver development and(More)