Cécile Gauthier-Rouvière

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We have recently identified a 6,449 bp cDNA, termed colonic, hepatic tumor over-expressed gene (ch-TOG), that is highly expressed in human tumors and brain. Its single open reading frame encodes a putative 218,000 Da polypeptide, TOGp. Antibodies generated against a bacterially expressed TOGp fragment specifically recognize a 218, 000 Da polypeptide in two(More)
Rho GTPases regulate the morphology of cells stimulated by extracellular ligands. Their activation is controlled by guanine exchange factors (GEF) that catalyze their binding to GTP. The multidomain Trio protein represents an emerging class of &Rgr; regulators that contain two GEF domains of distinct specificities. We report here the characterization of Rho(More)
RhoG is a member of the Rho family of GTPases that shares 72% and 62% sequence identity with Rac1 and Cdc42Hs, respectively. We have expressed mutant RhoG proteins fused to the green fluorescent protein and analyzed subsequent changes in cell surface morphology and modifications of cytoskeletal structures. In rat and mouse fibroblasts, green fluorescent(More)
Cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion is a dynamic process that is regulated during embryonic development, cell migration, and differentiation. Different cadherins are expressed in specific tissues consistent with their roles in cell type recognition. In this study, we examine the formation of N-cadherin-dependent cell-cell contacts in fibroblasts and(More)
The Rho family of GTP-binding proteins plays a critical role in a variety of cellular processes, including cytoskeletal reorganization and activation of kinases such as p38 and C-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPKs. We report here that dominant negative forms of Rac1 and Cdc42Hs inhibit the expression of the muscle-specific genes myogenin, troponin T, and(More)
N-cadherin, a member of the Ca(2+)-dependent cell-cell adhesion molecule family, plays an essential role in skeletal muscle cell differentiation. We show that inhibition of N-cadherin-dependent adhesion impairs the upregulation of the two cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27, the expression of the muscle-specific genes myogenin and troponin T, and(More)
Tetanus neurotoxin-insensitive vesicle-associated membrane protein (TI-VAMP)-mediated fusion of intracellular vesicles with the plasma membrane is crucial for neurite outgrowth, a pathway not requiring synaptobrevin-dependent exocytosis. Yet, it is not known how the TI-VAMP membrane trafficking pathway is regulated or how it is coordinated with cytoskeletal(More)
Differentiation of skeletal myoblasts into multinucleated myotubes is a multi-step process orchestrated by several signaling pathways. The Rho small G protein family plays critical roles both during myogenesis induction and myoblast fusion. We report here that in C2C12 myoblasts, expression of RhoE, an atypical member of this family, increases until the(More)
The tumour suppressor functions of p53 that are important for its activity depend on its role as a cell cycle arrest mediator and apoptosis inducer. Here we identify a novel function for p53 in regulating cell morphology and movement. We investigated the overall effect of p53 on morphological changes induced by RhoA, Rac1 and Cdc42 GTPases in mouse(More)
The Rho family of GTP-binding proteins plays critical roles during myogenesis induction. To elucidate their role later during myogenesis, we have analyzed RhoA function during myoblast fusion into myotubes. We find that RhoA activity is rapidly and transiently increased when cells are shifted into differentiation medium and then is decreased until myoblast(More)