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Tetraodon nigroviridis is a freshwater puffer fish with the smallest known vertebrate genome. Here, we report a draft genome sequence with long-range linkage and substantial anchoring to the 21 Tetraodon chromosomes. Genome analysis provides a greatly improved fish gene catalogue, including identifying key genes previously thought to be absent in fish.(More)
Tetraodon nigroviridis is a freshwater pufferfish 20-30 million years distant from Fugu rubripes. The genome of both tetraodontiforms is compact, mostly because intergenic and intronic sequences are reduced in size compared to other vertebrate genomes. The previously uncharacterized Tetraodon genome is described here together with a detailed analysis of its(More)
The number of genes in the human genome is unknown, with estimates ranging from 50,000 to 90,000 (refs 1, 2), and to more than 140,000 according to unpublished sources. We have developed 'Exofish', a procedure based on homology searches, to identify human genes quickly and reliably. This method relies on the sequence of another vertebrate, the pufferfish(More)
The evolution, inheritance and recombination rate of genes located in the pseudoautosomal region 1 (PAR1) is exceptional within the human genome. Pseudoautosomal genes are identical on X and Y chromosomes and are not inherited in a sex linked manner. Due to an obligatory recombination event in male meiosis, pseudoautosomal genes are exchanged frequently(More)
Serotonin receptor type 3 is a ligand-gated ion channel implicated in behavioural disorders. Our objective was to identify nucleotide variants in a specific portion of the 5' region of the serotonin receptor gene (HTR3A) containing upstream open reading frames (uORFs) and to investigate their effect on bipolar disease. Mutations in uORFs have been recently(More)
Because of its unusual high degree of compaction and paucity of repetitive sequences, the genome of the smooth pufferfish Tetraodon nigroviridis is the subject of a well-advanced sequencing project. An astonishing diversity of transposable elements not found in the human and the mouse has been observed in the genome of T. nigroviridis. Due to the difficulty(More)
T-cell specific receptors (TCR) are present in all groups] from the jawed vertebrates to the mammals. In teleosts, however, the genes encoding the gamma- and delta-chains have not yet been found, the alpha- and beta-chains have been characterized mainly at the expression level, and genomic organization of these loci remains largely unknown. Here we describe(More)
In aerobic cells, urate is oxidized to 5-hydroxyisourate by two distinct enzymes: a coenzyme-independent urate oxidase (EC 1.7.3.3) found in eukaryotes and bacteria like Bacillus subtilis and a prokaryotic flavoprotein urate hydroxylase (HpxO) originally found in some Klebsiella species. More cases of analogous or non-homologous isofunctional enzymes (NISE)(More)
Serotonin receptor genes have always been considered excellent candidate genes in the aetiology of neurogenetic diseases. In this study, we assessed sequence variations of the HTR3A gene. For this purpose, we established exon-specific primers and analysed DNA samples from 165 unrelated individuals including 70 schizophrenic patients, 48 patients with(More)