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The Aurora kinases are essential for the regulation of chromosome segregation and cytokinesis during mitosis. Aberrant expression and activity of these kinases occur in a wide range of human tumors, and lead to aneuploidy and tumorigenesis. Here we report the discovery of a highly potent and selective small-molecule inhibitor of Aurora kinases, VX-680, that(More)
BACKGROUND The assessment of anticancer agents to treat leukemia needs to have animal models closer to the human pathology such as implantation in immunodeficient mice of leukemic cells from patient samples. A sensitive and early detection of tumor cells in these orthotopic models is a prerequisite for monitoring engraftment of leukemic cells and their(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of growth and survival in many cell types. Its constitutive activation has been involved in the pathogenesis of various cancers. In this study, we show that mTOR inhibition by rapamycin strongly inhibits the growth of the most immature acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines through blockade in(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase playing an important role in cell motility and survival. However, very little is known about FAK in normal and leukemic myeloid cells. In this study, FAK protein expression and mRNA were detected in 25 of 60 cases (42%) of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Whereas FAK was expressed in 46% of CD34+ AML(More)
Genomic instability in solid tumors participates in the onco-genetic process and is associated with the activation of the DNA damage response pathway. Here, we report the activation of the constitutive DNA damage and checkpoint pathway associated with complex karyotypes in samples from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We show that antagonizing(More)
NPM-ALK (nucleophosmin-anaplastic lymphoma kinase) and TPM3-ALK (nonmuscular tropomyosin 3-anaplastic lymphoma kinase) are oncogenic tyrosine kinases implicated in the pathogenesis of human ALK-positive lymphoma. We report here the development of novel conditional mouse models for ALK-induced lymphomagenesis, with the use of the tetracycline regulatory(More)
Telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) has been shown to play a critical role not only in telomere homeostasis but also in cellular survival, DNA repair, and genetic stability. In a previous study, we described that tumor necrosis factor-xalpha (TNFxalpha) induced in the leukemic KG1 cells a senescence state characterized by decreased hTERT activity followed(More)
In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), new strategies assess the potential benefit of genetically targeted therapy at diagnosis. This implies waiting for laboratory tests and therefore a delay in initiation of chemotherapy. We studied the impact of time from diagnosis to treatment (TDT) on overall survival, early death, and response rate in a retrospective series(More)
Telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) has been shown to play a critical role not only in telomere homeostasis but also in cellular survival, DNA repair, and genetic stability. In a previous study, we described that tumor necrosis factor-␣ (TNF␣) induced in the leukemic KG1 cells a senescence state characterized by decreased hTERT activity followed by(More)
In light of the emerging concept of a protective function of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway under stress conditions, we investigated the influence of the anthracycline daunorubicin (DNR) on MAPK signaling and its possible contribution to DNR-induced cytotoxicity. We show that DNR increased phosphorylation of extracellular-regulated(More)