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Microtubules are cylindrical cytoskeletal structures found in almost all eukaryotic cell types which are involved in a great variety of cellular processes. Reversible acetylation on the epsilon-amino group of alpha-tubulin Lys40 marks stabilized microtubule structures and may contribute to regulating microtubule dynamics. Yet, the enzymes catalysing this(More)
A cellular defense mechanism counteracts the deleterious effects of misfolded protein accumulation by eliciting a stress response. The cytoplasmic deacetylase HDAC6 (histone deacetylase 6) was previously shown to be a key element in this response by coordinating the clearance of protein aggregates through aggresome formation and their autophagic(More)
The histone acetyl transferase Tip60 (HTATIP) shares many properties with the tumor suppressor p53 (TP53). Both proteins are involved in the cellular response to DNA damage, are subjected to proteasomal digestion following Mdm2-mediated ubiquitination, and accumulate after UV irradiation. We found here that knock-down of Tip60 affects the p53-dependent(More)
It is now becoming apparent that cross-talk between two protein lysine modifications, acetylation and ubiquitination, is a critical regulatory mechanism controlling vital cellular functions. The most apparent effect is the inhibition of proteasome-mediated protein degradation by lysine acetylation. Analysis of the underlying mechanisms, however, shows that,(More)
The human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) codes for the potent transcriptional activator, Tax1, which induces the enhancer activity of various enhancer elements. In the case of the 21 bp enhancer of the HTLV-I provirus, this induction is correlated with the association of Tax1 with this DNA element via a specific cellular factor. That the indirect(More)
This study describes the physical and functional interactions between ICP0 of herpes simplex virus type 1 and class II histone deacetylases (HDACs) 4, 5, and 7. Class II HDACs are mainly known for their participation in the control of cell differentiation through the regulation of the activity of the transcription factor MEF2 (myocyte enhancer factor 2),(More)
During male germ cell postmeiotic maturation, dramatic chromatin reorganization occurs, which is driven by completely unknown mechanisms. For the first time, we describe a specific reprogramming of mouse pericentric heterochromatin. Initiated when histones undergo global acetylation in early elongating spermatids, this process leads to the establishment of(More)
macroH2A is an H2A variant with a highly unusual structural organization. It has a C-terminal domain connected to the N-terminal histone domain by a linker. Crystallographic and biochemical studies show that changes in the L1 loop in the histone fold region of macroH2A impact the structure and potentially the function of nucleosomes. The 1.6-A X-ray(More)
HSPA2 (formerly HSP70.2) is a testis-specific member of the HSP70 family known to play a critical role in the completion of meiosis during male germ cell differentiation. Although abundantly present in post-meiotic cells, its function during spermiogenesis remained obscure. Here, using a global proteomic approach to identify genome-organizing proteins in(More)
HIV-1 transactivator Tat uses cellular acetylation signalling by targeting several cellular histone acetyltransferases (HAT) to optimize its various functions. Although Tip60 was the first HAT identified to interact with Tat, the biological significance of this interaction has remained obscure. We had previously shown that Tat represses Tip60 HAT activity.(More)