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Previous work on blockade of CD40-CD40 ligand interaction in mice and primates with anti-CD40 ligand mAbs has resulted in a moderate prolongation of allograft survival without the development of true allograft tolerance. In this study, we show in rats that adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of CD40Ig sequences into the graft resulted in prolonged (>200 days)(More)
Blockade of the CD28/B7 T cell costimulatory pathway prolongs allograft survival and induces tolerance in some animal models. We analyzed the efficacy of a CTLA4Ig-expressing adenovirus in preventing cardiac allorejection in rats, the mechanisms underlying heart transplant acceptance, and whether the effects of CTLA4Ig were restricted to the graft(More)
OBJECTIVES Cervical screening is only efficient if a large part of eligible women participate. Our aim was to identify sociodemographic barriers to cervical screening and consider self-reported reasons to postpone screening. METHODS Between September 2011 and June 2015, a questionnaire addressing reasons for nonparticipation in cervical screening was(More)
OBJECTIVE The world's first Leksell Gamma Knife PerfeXion (Elekta Instrument AB, Stockholm, Sweden) for radiosurgery of the head and neck became operational at Timone University Hospital in Marseille on July 10, 2006. To allow strict evaluation of the capabilities, advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of this new technology, patients were enrolled in(More)
Donor-specific (DST) or nonspecific blood transfusions administered before transplantation can enhance survival of vascularized allografts both in humans and animals but the immunological mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. We have analyzed the expression and the role of endogenous TGF-beta1 in a model of heart allograft tolerance, induced by pregraft(More)
Donor-specific (DST) or nonspecific blood transfusions administered before transplantation can enhance survival of vascularized allografts both in humans and animals but the immunological mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. We have analyzed the expression and the role of endoge-nous TGF-␤ 1 in a model of heart allograft tolerance, induced by pregraft(More)
Costimulatory blockade using cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 immunoglobulin (CTLA4Ig) efficiently down-regulates immune responses in animal models and is currently used in autoimmune and transplantation clinical trials, but the precise cellular and molecular mechanisms involved remain unclear. Rats that received allogeneic heart transplants and(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interleukin-4 (IL-4), two Th2-derived cytokines, are molecules with anti-inflammatory and immunodeviating properties whose direct expression in allografts may prolong graft survival. Recombinant adenoviruses represent efficient vectors for gene transfer in quiescent cells in vivo. Adenoviral vectors encoding rat IL-10 (AdIL-10),(More)
The putative role of IL-4 in human and animal models of hepatitis has not yet been directly determined. We now report that direct expression of IL-4 in the liver of rats or mice using recombinant adenoviruses coding for rat or mouse IL-4 (AdrIL-4 and AdmIL-4, respectively) results in a lethal, dose-dependent hepatitis. The hepatitis induced by IL-4 was(More)