Cécile Bousquet-Antonelli

Learn More
We have identified a nuclear pathway that rapidly degrades unspliced pre-mRNAs in yeast. This involves 3'-->5' degradation by the exosome complex and 5'-->3' degradation by the exonuclease Rat1p. 3'-->5' degradation is normally the major pathway and is regulated in response to carbon source. Inhibition of pre-mRNA degradation resulted in increased levels of(More)
Many or all of the sites of pseudouridine (Psi) formation in eukaryotic rRNA are selected by site-specific base-pairing with members of the box H + ACA class of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs). Database searches previously identified strong homology between the rat nucleolar protein Nap57p, its yeast homolog Cbf5p, and the Escherichia coli Psi synthase(More)
The small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particles containing H/ACA-type snoRNAs (H/ACA snoRNPs) are crucial trans-acting factors intervening in eukaryotic ribosome biogenesis. Most of these particles generate the site-specific pseudouridylation of rRNAs while a subset are required for 18S rRNA synthesis. To understand in detail how these particles carry out(More)
Eukaryotic rRNAs possess numerous post-transcriptionally modified nucleotides. The most abundant modifications, 2'-O-ribose methylation and pseudouridylation, occur in the nucleolus during rRNA processing. The nucleolus contains a large number of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) most of which can be classified into two distinct families defined by conserved(More)
Strains carrying rna14.1 and rna15.2 mutations are defective in pre-mRNA 3' cleavage, polyadenylation, and transcription termination. Long extended read-through transcripts generated in rna14.1 and rna15.2 strains are greatly stabilized by depletion of Rrp41p, a core component of the exosome complex or the RNA helicase Dob1p/Mtr4p. The absence of the(More)
Numerous non-ribosomal trans-acting factors involved in pre-ribosomal RNA processing have been characterized, but none of them is specifically required for the last cytoplasmic steps of 18S rRNA maturation. Here we demonstrate that Rio1p/Rrp10p is such a factor. Previous studies showed that the RIO1 gene is essential for cell viability and conserved from(More)
The extremely well-conserved La motif (LAM), in synergy with the immediately following RNA recognition motif (RRM), allows direct binding of the (genuine) La autoantigen to RNA polymerase III primary transcripts. This motif is not only found on La homologs, but also on La-related proteins (LARPs) of unrelated function. LARPs are widely found amongst(More)
The synthesis of ribosomes involves many small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particles (snoRNPs) as transacting factors. Yeast strains lacking the snoRNA, snR10, are viable but are impaired in growth and delayed in the early pre-rRNA cleavages at sites A0, A1, and A2, which lead to the synthesis of 18S rRNA. The same cleavages are inhibited by genetic(More)
Degradation of mRNAs is usually initiated by deadenylation, the shortening of long poly(A) tails to oligo(A) tails of 12-15 As. Deadenylation leads to decapping and to subsequent 5' to 3' degradation by XRN proteins, or alternatively 3' to 5' degradation by the exosome. Decapping can also be induced by uridylation as shown for the non-polyadenylated histone(More)
Previous analyses have identified related cytoplasmic Lsm1-7p and nuclear Lsm2-8p complexes. Here we report that mature heat shock and MET mRNAs that are trapped in the nucleus due to a block in mRNA export were strongly stabilized in strains lacking Lsm6p or the nucleus-specific Lsm8p protein but not by the absence of the cytoplasmic Lsm1p. These(More)