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The effect of red cell transfusion and polyethylene glycol-modified adenosine deaminase therapy on biochemical abnormalities, clinical status, and immunologic function in an adenosine deaminase-deficient child was investigated. After red cell transfusions, erythrocyte deoxyadenosine triphosphate (dATP) concentrations decreased about 95% and were closely(More)
A capillary electrophoretic (CE) method for the determination of hypoxanthine and xanthine in urine was developed to diagnose xanthinuria. The linearity was excellent up to 200 mumol l-1 for the two compounds and the limit of quantitation was 2 mumol l-1. A comparison o the results obtained using CE was made with those obtained by the high-performance(More)
The clinical and biochemical features of five cases of alcaptonuria were reported. The concentration of homogentisic acid was determined in urine and also in plasma using a rapid, sensitive and specific HPLC method. In all five cases, the concentrations of homogentisic acid were elevated in urine rising up to 46.5 mmol/24 h. In plasma, homogentisic acid(More)
The levels of hypoxanthine and xanthine are determined in plasma, erythrocyte, and urine samples by a reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. The hypoxanthine concentration increases in erythrocyte and plasma samples when whole blood is stored at room temperature between sampling and centrifugation. Furthermore, the hypoxanthine(More)
Plasma concentrations of theophylline and caffeine in seven premature neonates receiving theophylline orally for treatment of apnea at age one to 9 days were measured by high performance liquid chromatography, ultraviolet spectrophotometry, and mass spectrometry. Plasma concentrations of caffeine increased from 1.8 mg/l (range = 0.1 to 3.7) at day one to(More)
Two methods are described for the analysis of DNA restriction fragments and PCR products in studies on polymorphism and mutation in cystic fibrosis and Guacher's disease, based on capillary electrophoresis. In one CE system, a Beckman kit for producing a chemical gel (polymerized within the capillary) is used for single-stranded DNA fragments from 10 to 300(More)
Using HPLC methods, we measured the concentrations of nucleosides and nucleotides for a patient with no purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP; EC 2.4.2.1) enzymatic activity. Concentrations of inosine and guanosine were abnormally high in urine and plasma, whereas guanosine diphosphate (GDP) and guanosine triphosphate (GTP) concentrations in erythrocytes(More)
In the present paper, we report the biochemical features of six cases of xanthinuria. For these studies, the concentrations of hypoxanthine and xanthine have been measured in urine, plasma and also erythrocyte samples by a rapid, sensitive high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. The analyses of plasma and erythrocyte samples require a very(More)