Cécile Badier-Commander

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The extracellular matrix provides a structural framework essential for the functional properties of vessel walls. The three dimensional organization of the extracellular matrix molecules--elastin, collagens, proteoglycans and structural glycoproteins--synthesized during fetal development--is optimal for these functions. Early in life, the vessel wall is(More)
In mature spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), acetylcholine and the calcium ionophore A-23187 release endothelium-derived contracting factors (EDCFs), cyclooxygenase derivatives that activate thromboxane-endoperoxide (TP) receptors on vascular smooth muscle. The EDCFs released by acetylcholine are most likely prostacyclin and(More)
The exact aetiology and physiopathology of varicose disorders remain unclear. The aim of the present work was to study, in situ, the morphology and composition of cellular and matrix components in varicose veins compared with control veins and to identify factors that could contribute to varicose remodelling. A combined histological, immunohistochemical,(More)
OBJECTIVE Spasm remains a potential problem encountered during the use of arterial grafts in coronary artery bypass surgery. Heme oxygenase plays a role in the control of arterial vasoreactivity. Heme oxygenase exists in 2 constitutive isoforms (heme oxygenase 2 and 3) and an inducible isoform (heme oxygenase 1). The aim of our study was to induce heme(More)
Primary varicose veins are functionally characterized by venous back-flow and blood stagnation in the upright position. Dilatation and tortuosity provide evidence for progressive venous wall remodelling, with disturbance of smooth muscle cell/extracellular matrix organization. Affected areas are not uniformly distributed, some areas being hypertrophic,(More)
BACKGROUND Intimal hyperplasia is the principal mechanism of in-stent restenosis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a key role in intimal growth after balloon angioplasty (BA). Little is known, however, about MMP expression after stent implantation (ST). We investigated whether MMP9 and MMP2 are differentially expressed after ST and BA. METHODS AND(More)
Human saphenous veins (SV) are used for coronary bypass surgery despite the higher rate of graft failure observed as compared to arteries. A higher production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in SV than in internal mammary artery (IMA) has been incriminated as possibly implicated in graft failure. NADPH oxidase, involved in vascular ROS production, was(More)
Varicose vein disease is a common condition. Its pathology is not well characterized. A disorganization of smooth muscle cells and extracellular matrix components in the venous wall have been described. The objective of this paper is to offer an explanation for the abnormal distensibility of varicose veins. The content of hydroxyproline was quantified in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to determine whether a stimulator of soluble guanylyl cyclase, BAY 41-2272, inhibits platelet aggregation and to clarify its interaction with nitric oxide (NO). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Blood was collected from anaesthetized Wistar Kyoto rats. The aggregation of washed platelets was measured and the(More)
Varicose veins have a thickening wall. Their smooth muscle cells are disorganized as regards proliferation and production of extracellular matrix protein. An imbalance between the synthesis of collagen type I protein (collagen I) and collagen type III protein (collagen III) could explain the lack of elasticity of varicose veins. Therefore, collagen(More)