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AIMS beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR)-mediated relaxation was characterized in pulmonary arteries from normoxic and hypoxic (as model of pulmonary hypertension) mice. The endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) pathway was especially investigated because of its potential vasculoprotective effects. METHODS Pulmonary arteries from control or hypoxic (0.5 atm for 21 days)(More)
BACKGROUND Discrepancies between success in experimental animals with a variety of pharmacologic strategies and failure with such agents in clinical trials have raised questions concerning the mechanism of restenosis. Recent observations suggest a potential implication for the adventitial (Adv) layer in neointimal formation. METHODS The purpose of this(More)
OBJECTIVE FrzA, a member of the group of secreted frizzled related proteins (sFRP) that is expressed in the cardiovascular system, has been shown to antagonize the Wnt/frizzled signaling pathway. We have recently demonstrated its role in vascular cell growth control in vitro. In this study, we aimed to examine the mechanisms by which FrzA exerts its(More)
OBJECTIVE The inflammatory response after myocardial infarction plays a crucial role in the healing process. Lately, there is accumulating evidence that the Wnt/Frizzled pathway may play a distinct role in inflammation. We have shown that secreted frizzled-related protein-1 (sFRP-1) overexpression reduced postinfarction scar size, and we noticed a decrease(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory processes play a critical role in myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and heart failure. The expression of the inflammatory chemokine osteopontin (OPN) is dramatically increased in cardiomyocytes and inflammatory cells during myocarditis and heart failure in human and animals. However, its role in the development of heart diseases(More)
Phosphorylation and subsequent inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta via the Akt/PI3-Kinase pathway during ischemic preconditioning (PC) has been shown to be cardioprotective. As FrzA/sFRP-1, a secreted antagonist of the Wnt/Frizzled pathway, is expressed in the heart and is able to decrease the phosphorylation of GSK-3beta in vitro on(More)
RATIONALE A growing body of evidence supports the hypothesis that the Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway regulates endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis, but the components that mediate this regulation remain elusive. OBJECTIVE We investigated the involvement of one of the receptors, Frizzled4 (Fzd4), in this process because its role has(More)
OBJECTIVE Studying the mechanisms of neovascularization and evaluating the effects of proangiogenic strategies require accurate analysis of the neovascular network. We sought to evaluate the contribution of the microcomputed tomography (mCT) providing high-resolution 3-dimensional (3D) structural data, to a better comprehension of the well-studied mouse(More)
OBJECTIVE Estradiol (E(2)) is known to accelerate reendothelialization and thus prevent intimal thickening and in-stent restenosis after angioplasty. Transplantation experiments with ERalpha(-/-) mice have previously shown that E(2) acts through local and bone marrow cell compartments to enhance endothelial healing. However, the downstream mechanisms(More)
The capacity of arterial SMCs to produce PGI2 when stimulated by exogenous AA was studied in proliferative and confluent cultured cells and at different periods following endothelial denudation in vivo. PGI2 production per cell was doubled during the exponential growth-phase in culture. By contrast, increased PGI2 formation did not correlate with mitotic(More)