Cécile A Julien

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UNLABELLED Sustained hyperventilation has a time-limited effect on cerebrovascular dynamics. We investigated whether this effect was similar among brain regions by measuring regional cerebral blood volume (CBV) with steady-state susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging during 3 h of hyperventilation. Regional CBV was determined in nine(More)
While morphological and molecular events during angiogenesis in brain glioma have been extensively studied, the functional properties of tumour vessels have yet received little attention. We have determined changes in regional blood volume (BV) during graded hypoxic hypoxia using susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging in a model of rat brain(More)
Ventilatory long-term facilitation (LTF; defined as gradual increase of minute ventilation following repeated hypoxic exposures) is well described in adult mammals and is hypothesized to be a protective mechanism against apnea. In newborns, LTF is absent during the first postnatal days, but its precise developmental pattern is unknown. Accordingly, this(More)
Hyperpolarized 129Xe was dissolved in a lipid emulsion and administered to anaesthetized rats by manual injections into the carotid (approximately 1-1.5 mL in a maximum time of 30 s). During injection, 129Xe NMR brain spectra at 2.35 T were recorded over 51 s, with a repetition time of 253 ms. Two peaks assigned to dissolved 129Xe were observed (the larger(More)
Recurrent apneas are important causes of hospitalization and morbidity in newborns. Gestational stress (GS) compromises fetal brain development. Maternal stress and anxiety during gestation are linked to respiratory disorders in newborns; however, the mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we tested the hypothesis that repeated activation of the neuroendocrine(More)
In human neonates, caffeine therapy for apnoea of prematurity, especially when associated with hypoxemia, is maintained for several weeks after birth. In the present study, we used newborn rats and whole-body plethysmography to test whether chronic exposure to neonatal caffeine treatment (NCT), alone or combined with neonatal intermittent hypoxia (n-IH)(More)
We tested the hypothesis that exposure to neonatal intermittent hypoxia (n-IH) in rat pups alters central integrative processes following acute and intermittent peripheral chemoreceptor activation in adults. Newborn male rats were exposed to n-IH or normoxia for 10 consecutive days after birth. We then used both awake and anesthetized 3- to 4-mo-old rats to(More)
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