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AIM Dynamics of improvement in health-related quality of life (QoL) after bariatric surgery have never been fully assessed, and neither has the potential influence of body mass index (BMI) and comorbidity modification. The objective of this study was to investigate early and medium-term changes in QoL following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), and their(More)
BACKGROUND Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a safe and easy method of assessing body composition. Its accuracy to predict fat mass (FM) in obesity and the change in FM following weight loss is questioned. Our objective was to compare leg-to-leg BIA to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in the assessment of FM in a large population, the changes(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing dramatically worldwide. As a consequence, bariatric surgery for morbid obesity is in constant development. Although bariatric surgery has proven its efficiency at achieving weight loss and correcting comorbidities, it may cause vitamin deficiencies and subsequent complications. The goal of(More)
AIM To identify changes in the salivary protein/peptide profiles by differential proteomics in obese patients with or without periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Periodontal examinations and whole saliva samples were obtained from 38 obese patients (mean age: 45.1 ± 7.3 years, mean BMI: 49.3 ± 9 kg/m(2) ) including 13 periodontitis and 25(More)
In recent years, the recourse to obesity surgery to treat morbid obesities has grown. The number of "malabsorptive" interventions, such as the gastric bypass (RYGB: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass) increases each year. The RYGB, which combines two mechanisms promoting weight loss, restriction and malabsorption, has proven its effectiveness in term of weight loss(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity has been shown to increase following obesity surgery; however, changes in sedentary behavior in this setting are not known. Our aim was to describe changes in both physical activity and sedentary behavior of obese patients after gastric bypass (GBP) and their relationships with changes in body composition. METHODS Physical(More)
Physical activity is a cornerstone in the medical management of obesity and could be important for weight loss following bariatric surgery. This review aims to describe the evolution of physical activity following massive weight loss induced by bariatric surgery, and to identify the relationship between physical activity and amount of weight loss. A(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared the chewing parameters in a group of obese adult patients scheduled for gastric bypass surgery with those of a control group. METHODS Chewing parameters were measured in two groups of subjects, one of 44 obese patients scheduled for gastric bypass surgery (body mass index [BMI] = 49.1 +/- 7.2) and the other of 30 non-obese(More)
Little is known on patterns of change over time in body composition, especially lean body mass (LBM), during massive weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in obese patients. We performed sequential measurements of total and regional body composition in patients after RYGB, and we compared a subsample of patients after surgery to a nonsurgical(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy should be avoided for 12 to 18 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. The etonorgestrel (ENG)-releasing implant (Implanon®) may represent a safe and effective contraceptive method in morbidly obese women who are candidates for bariatric surgery. In addition, the subcutaneous delivery of steroid is unaffected by(More)