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Over the past decades, there have been numerous fatalities resulting from accidental or voluntary ingestion of the widely used herbicide paraquat dichloride (methyl viologen; PQ). Considering that the main target organ for PQ toxicity is the lung and involves the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, inflammation, disseminated intravascular(More)
The nonselective contact herbicide, paraquat (PQ), is a strong pneumotoxicant, especially due to its accumulation in the lung through a polyamine uptake system and to its capacity to induce redox cycling, leading to oxidative stress-related damage. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the occurrence of apoptotic events in the lungs of male Wistar(More)
We have carried out a series of experimental manipulations in the chick embryo to assess whether the notochord, neural tube and spinal nerves influence segmental patterning of the vertebral column. Using Pax1 expression in the somite-derived sclerotomes as a marker for segmentation of the developing intervertebral disc, our results exclude such an(More)
Tronchuda cabbage extracts have been proven to have antioxidant potential against various oxidative species in cell free systems, though its antioxidant potential in cellular models remained to be demonstrated. In the present study, we used primary cultures of rat hepatocytes for the cellular assay system and paraquat PQ exposure as a pro-oxidant model(More)
Osteoarthritis is a progressive joint disease and a major cause of disability for which no curative therapies are yet available. To identify compounds with potential anti-osteoarthritic properties, in this study, we screened one sesquiterpene, E-caryophyllene, and two monoterpenes, myrcene and limonene, hydrocarbon compounds for anti-inflammatory,(More)
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE Cell lines used to study the role of the G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) or G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) as a mediator of estrogen responses have yielded conflicting results. This work identified a simple assay to predict cell line competence for pharmacological studies of GPR30. MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)
The ability of Linaria vulgaris (Scrophulariaceae) infusion to act as a scavenger of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, reactive oxygen species (superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, hypochlorous acid (HOCl)) and nitric oxide was investigated. The obtained data indicate that the infusion has a good scavenging activity against superoxide radical(More)
INTRODUCTION Sialorrhea is a medical problem and can become a social issue, common in children with neurological disabilities. The bilateral submandibulectomy is one of the available treatment options for managing this pathology. AIM OF THE STUDY The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of bilateral submandibulectomy in the management of(More)
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