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BACKGROUND Prolonged lowering of blood pressure after a stroke reduces the risk of recurrent stroke. In addition, inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system in high-risk patients reduces the rate of subsequent cardiovascular events, including stroke. However, the effect of lowering of blood pressure with a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor soon after a(More)
CONTEXT Although embolism and low-flow phenomenon are the 2 main mechanisms of stroke in internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusive disease, the mechanism of border-zone infarction remains controversial. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can more easily detect small or multiple ischemic lesions than conventional imaging. OBJECTIVES To investigate the ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent stroke is a frequent, disabling event after ischemic stroke. This study compared the efficacy and safety of two antiplatelet regimens--aspirin plus extended-release dipyridamole (ASA-ERDP) versus clopidogrel. METHODS In this double-blind, 2-by-2 factorial trial, we randomly assigned patients to receive 25 mg of aspirin plus 200 mg of(More)
Intraparenchymally transplanted rodent-origin neural and human-origin mesenchymal stem cells migrate and differentiate in neurological diseases. By intravenously injecting human neural stem cells, we showed that transplanted human neural stem cells migrate to the damaged hippocampus, proliferate and differentiate into mature neurons and astrocytes in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperglycemia has a deleterious effect on brain ischemia. However, the effect of hyperglycemia in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is not well known. We investigated the effect of hyperglycemia on the development of brain edema and perihematomal cell death in ICH. METHODS Hyperglycemia was induced by intraperitoneal injection of(More)
Uniform 3 nm-sized ceria nanoparticles can protect against ischemic stroke by scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reducing apoptosis. PEGylated ceria nanoparticles showed protective effects against ROS-induced cell death in vitro. Optimal doses of ceria nanoparticles reduced infarct volumes and the rate of ischemic cell death in vivo.
Recently, the beneficial role of minocycline on endogenous neurogenesis after cerebral ischemia has been contradicted by many reports. We examined whether minocycline influences post-ischemic neurogenesis in the subventricular zone. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to focal cerebral ischemia for 2 h, and divided into a minocycline-treated (90(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is a potent vasodilator and regulates cardiovascular homeostasis. Furthermore, H2 S has a crucial role in ischemia-reperfusion injuries, especially of the heart, liver, and kidneys. This study indicates that treatment with hydrogen sulfide is able to restore neurological function after ischemic stroke by promoting angiogenesis.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Murine heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) protein, which is produced from 2 genes, hsp70.1 and hsp70.3, is known to protect the brain against ischemic injury. However, little information is available on the antiapoptotic mechanism of HSP70.1 protein after cerebral ischemia. To evaluate the role of HSP70.1 protein in ischemia, we analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Multifocal signal loss lesion (MSLL) on gradient echo magnetic resonance imaging (GE-MRI) may reflect bleeding-prone microangiopathy. However, MSLLs are also known to be associated with leukoariosis; leukoariosis is commonly associated with occlusive-type vascular lesions. OBJECTIVE To determine whether MSLL on GE-MRI is significantly(More)