Byung-Uk Lim

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PURPOSE We investigated the use of hyperthermia to improve the anti-cancer efficacy of doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded mesoporous silica nanocontainer Si-SS-CD-PEG. The hypothesis was that heat stimulates glutathione-mediated degradation of cyclodextrin gatekeeper, thereby causing the release of DOX from the carrier and DOX-induced cell death. MATERIALS AND(More)
Intracellular bacteria often change the expression of their genes in order to adapt to new environmental conditions. Here we describe a monoclonal antibody (MAb) that reacts exclusively against intracellular Orientia tsutsugamushi. Although MAb applied to the 56-kDa protein, a major outer membrane protein, reacted against a large number of bacteria that had(More)
Microtubule network provides many intracellular microbes with an efficient way to move within host cells. Orientia tsutsugamushi move from the cell periphery to the microtubule organizing center (MTOC) by dynein-dependent mechanism. In this study, we investigated the role of microtubule on the growth of O. tsutsugamushi. The treatment of infected cells with(More)
The simple quantification of viable intracellular bacteria is important for the study of an obligate intracellular bacterium, Orientia tsutsugamushi. We applied a novel monoclonal antibody (M686-13)--specific for intracellular Orientia--to an immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) test for determining antibiotic susceptibility of O. tsutsugamushi. M686-13 did not(More)
Orientia tsutsugamushi shows both pro- and antiapoptotic activities in infected vertebrate cells. Apoptosis of THP-1 cells induced by beauvericin was inhibited by O. tsutsugamushi infection. Beauvericin-induced calcium redistribution was significantly reduced and retarded in cells infected with O. tsutsugamushi. Antiapoptotic activities of O. tsutsugamushi(More)
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