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One new triterpene, 3beta-hydroxy-29-norcycloart-24-one (1), and four new lignans, caruilignans (2-5), together with six known compounds were isolated from the aerial part of Artemisia caruifolia BUCH.-HAM. ex TOXB. Their structures were determined by various spectroscopic means. Most of the isolated lignans were moderately cytotoxic to Meth-A cells with(More)
Arginase II has recently reported as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. In the course of screening plants used in natural medicines as arginase II inhibitory activity, a methanol extract of Scutellaria indica showed significant inhibitory effect. Further fractionation and repeated column(More)
Pseudocoptisine, a quaternary alkaloid with benzylisoquinoline skeleton, was isolated from Corydalis Tuber, one of the important medicinal plants in traditional medicine. Pseudocoptisine inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in a dose-dependent manner, and the concentration required for 50% inhibition was 12.8 microM. In further study, the(More)
Activity-directed isolation of the ethyl acetate, methylene chloride and n-hexane fractions of Gloiopeltis furcata resulted in the isolation of 18 compounds. Their structures were elucidated as 2-(3-hydroxy-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-3-yl)acetic acid (1), glutaric acid (2), succinic acid (3), nicotinic acid (4), (E)-4-hydroxyhex-2-enoic acid (5), cholesterol (6),(More)
An HPLC-DAD method for the quality control of wild and cultivated Ganoderma lucidum (Linhzhi) and related species samples was developed and validated. The quantitative determination of G. lucidum and its related species using 14 triterpene constituents, including nine ganoderma acids (compounds 4-12), four alcohols (compounds 13-16), and one sterol(More)
Seven compounds, including three neolignans 1-3, a norlignan 4, and three diterpenoids 5-7, were isolated from the feces of Trogopterus xanthipes. Structures of these compounds were identified by 1D and 2D NMR as well as MS. The absolute configurations of compounds 1, 2, and 4 were determined by comparing CD spectra and optical rotations. Among the isolated(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia among the elderly and is characterized by loss of memory and other cognitive functions. An increase in AChE (a key enzyme in the cholinergic nervous system) levels around β-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles is a common feature of AD neuropathology. Amnesic effects of(More)
The flower bud of Tussilago farfara L., called Farfarae Flos, has traditionally been used in Oriental medicine for the treatment of bronchitis and asthma. To establish a standard for quality control as well as the reliable identification of Farfarae Flos, the contents of five standards, rutin (1), isoquercetin (2), 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (3), tussilagone(More)
Nine terpenylated coumarins, namely 7-[(E)-3′,7′-dimethyl-6′-oxo-2′,7′-octadienyl]oxy-coumarin (1), schinilenol (2), schinindiol (3), collinin (4), 7-[(E)-7′-hydroxy-3′,7′-dimethy-locta-2′,5′-dienyloxy]-coumarin (5), 8-methoxyanisocoumarin (6), 7-(6′R-hydroxy-3′,7′-dimethyl-2′E,7′-octadienyloxy)coumarin (7), (E)-4-methyl-6-(coumarin-7′-yloxy)hex-4-enal (8),(More)
The potential pharmacokinetic (PK) interaction of conventional western drug, baclofen, and oriental medications Oyaksungisan (OY) and Achyranthes bidentata radix (AB) extract for the treatment of spasticity has been evaluated. Rats were pretreated with distilled water (DW), OY, or AB extract by oral administration every day for 7 days. After 10 min of the(More)
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