Byung Muk Kim

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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. CC Type 1 neurofibromatosis, also referred to as(More)
When first introduced, percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) was performed using a bronchoscope. The bronchoscope itself, however, has several disadvantages, including interruption of ventilation. Modifications of the standard PDT technique have suggested that PDT can be safely performed without a bronchoscope. However, the safety of these(More)
provided the original work is properly cited. CC Central venous catheterization (CVC) is vital for anesthetic management in pediatric patients undergoing major surgery [1]. The internal jugular vein (IJV), subclavian vein (SCV), and femoral vein are the most commonly used sites for CVC. Unfortunately , the failure rate and incidence of complications are(More)
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