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In this study of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae G protein-coupled receptor Ste2p, we present data indicating that the first extracellular loop (EL1) of the alpha-factor receptor has tertiary structure that limits solvent accessibility and that its conformation changes in a ligand-dependent manner. The substituted cysteine accessibility method was used to(More)
Elucidating the bimolecular interface between parathyroid hormone (PTH) and its cognate G protein-coupled receptor (PTHR1) should yield insights into the basis of molecular recognition and the mechanism of ligand-mediated intracellular signaling for a system that is critically important in regulating calcium levels in blood. We used photoaffinity scanning(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae alpha-factor pheromone receptor, Ste2p, has been studied as a model for G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) structure and function. Dimerization has been demonstrated for many GPCRs, although the role(s) of dimerization in receptor function is disputed. Transmembrane domains one (TM1) and four (TM4) of Ste2p were shown previously(More)
Membrane proteins present major challenges for structural biology. In particular, the production of suitable crystals for high-resolution structural determination continues to be a significant roadblock for developing an atomic-level understanding of these vital cellular systems. The use of detergents for extracting membrane proteins from the native(More)
Previously, we reported that the neuron-restrictive silencer element (NRSE) of mu opioid receptor (MOR) functions as a critical regulator to repress the MOR transcription in specific neuronal cells, depending on neuron-restriction silence factor (NRSF) expression levels [C.S.Kim, C.K.Hwang, H.S.Choi, K.Y.Song, P.Y.Law, L.N. Wei and H.H.Loh (2004) J. Biol.(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 2-aminobicyclo-(2,2,1)-heptane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH), an inhibitor of L-type amino acid transporters, on the cell growth suppression in KB human oral cancer cells and to study the roles of cell cycle regulatory factors in the BCH-induced growth inhibition. The effect of BCH on cell growth suppression(More)
We present an example of expression and purification of a biologically active G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) from yeast. An expression vector was constructed to encode the Saccharomyces cerevisiae GPCR alpha-factor receptor (Ste2p, the STE2 gene product) containing a 9-amino acid sequence of rhodopsin that served as an epitope/affinity tag. In the(More)
The neuron-restrictive silencer factor/repressor element 1-silencing transcription factor (NRSF/REST) was originally discovered as a transcriptional repressor of neuronal genes in non-neuronal cells. However, it was recently reported to be abundantly expressed in several types of aggressive cancer cells, as well as in mature neurons. In the present study,(More)
To identify interactions between Ste2p, a G protein-coupled receptor of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and its tridecapeptide ligand, alpha-factor (WHWLQLKPGQPMY), a variety of alpha-factor analogues were used in conjunction with site-directed mutagenesis of a targeted portion of Ste2p transmembrane domain six. Alanine substitution of residues in the(More)