Byung-Joon Kim

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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), released from gut endocrine L cells in response to glucose, regulates appetite, insulin secretion, and gut motility. How glucose given orally, but not systemically, induces GLP-1 secretion is unknown. We show that human duodenal L cells express sweet taste receptors, the taste G protein gustducin, and several other taste(More)
Recent studies have improved our understanding of the physiological function of Notch signaling pathway and now there is compelling evidence demonstrating that Notch is a key regulator of embryonic development and tissue homeostasis. Although further extensive studies are necessary to illustrate the molecular mechanisms, new insights into the role of Notch(More)
CONTEXT Previous studies with small numbers of subjects showed a negative correlation between plasma peptide YY (PYY) levels and obesity. If correct, this would imply that low PYY levels might be involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to investigate whether plasma PYY levels were correlated with sex and body mass index (BMI).(More)
Oxidative stress induced by chronic hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes plays a crucial role in progressive loss of β-cell mass through β-cell apoptosis. Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has effects on preservation of β-cell mass and its insulin secretory function. GLP-1 possibly increases islet cell mass through stimulated proliferation from β-cell and(More)
Commonly used tests for the diagnosis of diabetes include measurements of fasting plasma glucose levels and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Recently, a hemoglobin A1C (A1C) level of 6.5% has been included as a criterion for diabetes diagnosis by the American Diabetes Association. We aimed to determine appropriate A1C cutoff values for identifying(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate whether stimulated C-peptide is associated with microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in 192 type 2 diabetic patients. Plasma basal C-peptide and stimulated C-peptide were measured before and 6 minutes after intravenous injection of 1 mg(More)
Sophora japonica L. fruit prevents bone loss by inhibiting osteoclast activity. We hypothesized that S japonica L. extracts could promote osteoblast differentiation. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effect of S japonica L. on osteoblast differentiation and identified the bioactive compound(s) from S japonica L. The mature fruit of S japonica L.(More)
The potential relationship between vitamin D (VitD) status and metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) warrants further study. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and various parameters in patients with T2DM. We analyzed retrospectively data from 276 Korean patients with T2DM(More)
OBJECTIVE This open-label study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral treatment with the antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid (ALA, thioctic acid) in Korean diabetic patients with distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS Thioctic acid was administered orally using 600 mg once daily for 8 weeks in 61 diabetic patients with(More)
Silk protein is a biocompatible material that has been used in many biotechnological applications and exhibits body fat-lowering effects. Recent studies have shown that silk peptides increase expression of osteogenic markers in osteoblast-like cells. Because osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation from common mesenchymal progenitor cells are inverse(More)