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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), released from gut endocrine L cells in response to glucose, regulates appetite, insulin secretion, and gut motility. How glucose given orally, but not systemically, induces GLP-1 secretion is unknown. We show that human duodenal L cells express sweet taste receptors, the taste G protein gustducin, and several other taste(More)
AIM Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor participates in the control of bone resorption in GLP-1 knockout mice. Also, GLP-1 induces an insulin- and parathyroid hormone-independent osteogenic action through osteoclasts and osteoblasts in insulin-resistant and type 2 diabetic rats. Osteocytes are now considered central to bone homeostasis. A secreted(More)
Silk fibroins are biomaterials that have been applied to surgical sutures, drug delivery systems, food supplements, and tissue engineering. Studies have shown the antiadipogenic effects of silk proteins in 3T3-L1 cells and obese mice. Furthermore, other studies have shown that silk proteins increase osteogenic marker expression in osteoblast-like cells.(More)
Sophora japonica L. fruit prevents bone loss by inhibiting osteoclast activity. We hypothesized that S japonica L. extracts could promote osteoblast differentiation. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effect of S japonica L. on osteoblast differentiation and identified the bioactive compound(s) from S japonica L. The mature fruit of S japonica L.(More)
CONTEXT Previous studies with small numbers of subjects showed a negative correlation between plasma peptide YY (PYY) levels and obesity. If correct, this would imply that low PYY levels might be involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to investigate whether plasma PYY levels were correlated with sex and body mass index (BMI).(More)
Commonly used tests for the diagnosis of diabetes include measurements of fasting plasma glucose levels and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Recently, a hemoglobin A1C (A1C) level of 6.5% has been included as a criterion for diabetes diagnosis by the American Diabetes Association. We aimed to determine appropriate A1C cutoff values for identifying(More)
Sleep disorders are great problems in modern society. Even minimal changes of sleep can affect health. Especially, patients with pulmonary diseases complain of sleep problems such as sleep disturbance and insomnia. Recent studies have shown an association between sleep deprivation (SD) and inflammation, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In(More)
Recent studies have improved our understanding of the physiological function of Notch signaling pathway and now there is compelling evidence demonstrating that Notch is a key regulator of embryonic development and tissue homeostasis. Although further extensive studies are necessary to illustrate the molecular mechanisms, new insights into the role of Notch(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have revealed that C-peptide induces smooth muscle cell proliferation and causes human atherosclerotic lesions in diabetic patients. The present study was designed to examine whether the basal C-peptide levels correlate with cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS Data was obtained from 467(More)
Sleep disturbance has become an endemic behavior in modern countries, and its prevalence has also increased. Even a subtle sleep deficiency is related to health problems. Particularly, patients with pulmonary disease often complain of insomnia. We recently showed that sleep deprivation (SD) exacerbates existing acute lung inflammation, and that melatonin(More)