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OBJECTIVE Focal nerve enlargement is a characteristic finding in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). We performed this study to assess the distribution of nerve enlargement through ultrasonographic examination of peripheral nerves and to correlate the ultrasonographic findings with clinical features. METHODS To compare the(More)
BACKGROUND Two major portals are available for delivery of medication into the cervical epidural space: interlaminar and transforaminal. The choice of which approach to use is commonly made by assessing the patient's structural pathology, one's skill in performing each procedure, and then weighing the advantages versus the risk associated with the(More)
Autism is a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder. At present there are no defined mechanisms of pathogenesis and therapy is mostly limited to behavioral interventions. Stem cell transplantation may offer a unique treatment strategy for autism due to immune and neural dysregulation observed in this disease. This non-randomized, open-label, single center(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to investigate the expression of cytokines and growth factors in disc specimens obtained from patients with herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP) and degenerated disc disease (DDD). DESIGN AND METHODS MRI and Western blot analyses were performed to evaluate the levels of disc degeneration and the expression levels of(More)
IMPORTANCE Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. Recently, various immunosuppressant medications were introduced as therapeutic options for preventing relapse of NMOSD. However, our understanding of the effectiveness of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in treating patients with NMOSD(More)
OBJECTIVE To categorize a syndrome manifesting as prominent acute bulbar palsy (ABP) without limb motor weakness as a variant form of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and differentiate it from Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) and pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) variants. METHODS We analyzed cases of ABP without limb motor weakness based on a dataset(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the pathophysiological relationship between RLS and small fiber neuropathy using the cutaneous silent period (CSP), which is a spinal reflex mediated by Adelta cutaneous afferents and is useful for the evaluation of small-diameter nerve function. METHODS The CSP was measured from the extensor digitorum brevis in 157 patients with(More)
PURPOSE This prospective study was performed to evaluate the effect of chemotherapy-related neurotoxicity on quality of life (QOL) of patients with lymphoma. METHODS Thirty-two patients with diffuse large B-cell or follicular lymphoma without prior evidence of neuropathy were enrolled. Patients underwent the evaluations based on neuropathy symptom and(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Lumbar discography has been widely used for evaluating discogenic low back pain (LBP). Comparison of pain responses from suspected symptomatic discs with pain responses from asymptomatic negative discs is routine. However, the ability of discography to distinguish asymptomatic morphologically abnormal discs from those that are symptomatic(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the presence of ulnar nerve displacement at the elbow when it is flexed and to determine its effect on distance measurements using the conventional measurement method for nerve conduction studies (NCSs). DESIGN Comparing the ultrasonography-assisted distance measurement method with the conventional measurement method. SETTING An(More)