Byung Ik Jang

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BACKGROUND Proteolytic shedding of the ectodomain of a variety of transmembrane proteins, including cell-to-cell adhesion molecules, has been observed in solid cancers. We have investigated whether extracellular cleavage of E-cadherin mediated by matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) is involved in hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induced in vitro invasion in(More)
CD44 is a transmembrane glycoprotein and surface receptor for hyaluronan that is involved in the response of cells to their microenvironment. CD44 splice variants play roles in carcinogenesis, differentiation, and lymph node metastasis and are predictive of the prognosis for various carcinomas, including gastric cancer. Current data suggest that gastric(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Clostridium difficile has been increasingly diagnosed in hospitalized patients. An association between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) use and Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) and between recurrent CDAD has been suggested. The aim of this study is to investigate whether PPI use is associated with the development of recurrent(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Infliximab is currently used for the treatment of moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis (UC) with an inadequate response to conventional agents. The efficacy and safety of infliximab in Korean patients with UC were assessed. METHODS This was a retrospective multicenter study including all adult patients who received at least one infliximab(More)
The incidence and severity of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) have increased in Western countries. However, there are limited data regarding the epidemiology of CDI in Eastern countries. This nationwide study was conducted in 17 hospitals to determine temporal trends in CDI incidence (from 2004 to 2008) in South Korea. The total incidence of CDI in(More)
We investigated whether the abnormal expression of E-cadherin (ECD), in conjunction with the overexpression of matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7), is correlated with clinicopathological parameters such as metastasis and the prognosis for human gastric carcinoma. Using RT-PCR, we examined the expression of ECD and MMP-7 mRNA in 42 gastric carcinoma tissues(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM Rectal carcinoids are low-grade malignancies that are usually treated by endoscopic resection. However, on pathologic examination, resection margins that are positive for carcinoid cells are frequently found. Patient outcomes were reviewed after endoscopic resection of rectal carcinoids and the clinical significance of possible(More)
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the esophagus are extremely rare, and few cases have been reported worldwide. Thus, a comprehensive nationwide study is needed to understand the characteristics of and treatment strategy for esophageal NETs. We collected data on esophageal NET patients from 25 hospitals in Korea from 2002–2012. The incidence, location,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) medication-associated Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS This multicenter study included patients from eight tertiary hospitals enrolled from 2008 to 2013. A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify the clinical features of C. difficile infection in(More)
BACKGROUND Distinguishing intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) from Crohn's disease (CD) is challenging. This study prospectively evaluated the clinical utility of the QuantiFERON-TB gold test (QFT) in the differential diagnosis of ITB and CD, and compared it with the clinical utility of the tuberculin skin test (TST). METHODS Patients with suspected ITB or CD(More)