Byung Hoon Yoon

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Oroxylin A is a flavonoid and was originally isolated from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi., one of the most important medicinal herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the ameliorating effects of oroxylin A on memory impairment using the passive avoidance test, the Y-maze test, and the Morris water maze(More)
Tanshinones are a group of diterpenoids found in the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge which has been used to treat cardiac disease. In the present study, we investigated the effect of the tanshinone congeners, tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA, cryptotanshinone, and 15, 16-dihydrotanshinone I, on learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine (1 mg/kg,(More)
In the present study, we assessed the effects of gluco-obtusifolin, isolated from the seeds of Cassia obtusifolia L., and its aglycone, obtusifolin, on the learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine using the passive avoidance and the Morris water maze tasks in mice. Gluco-obtusifolin (1, 2, and 4 mg/kg, p.o.) and obtusifolin (0.25, 0.5, 1, and(More)
In the present study, we assessed the effect of the ethanolic extract of the seeds of Cassia obtusifolia (COE) on the learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine or transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2VO). In a study of the cholinergic dysfunction induced by scopolamine, single COE (25, 50, or 100 mg/kg, p.o.) administration(More)
Although it has been well established that ischemic insults promote cell proliferation in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG), the mechanisms by which this occurs remain unclear. The present study demonstrates that early-activated microglia in the hilus of the DG play an important role in ischemia-induced cell proliferation.(More)
Oroxylin A is a flavonoid that is found in the roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of oroxylin A on the memory impairments and pathological changes induced by Abeta(25-35) peptide in mice. The ameliorating effect of oroxylin A on memory impairment was investigated using passive avoidance and Y-maze(More)
Gomisin A is a component of the fruits of Schizandra chinesis which are widely used as a tonic in traditional Chinese medicine. In the present study, we assessed the effect of gomisin A on the learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine. The cognition-enhancing effect of gomisin A was investigated using a passive avoidance test, the Y-maze test,(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the putative anxiolytic-like effects of the aqueous extract of the rhizome of Gastrodia elata along with its phenolic constituents, 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (HA) and 4-hyroxybenzaldehyde (HD), using an elevated plus maze (EPM) in mice. The mice were administered either the aqueous G. elata extract orally or(More)
Oroxylin A is a flavonoid compound that is found in the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of oroxylin A on memory impairment induced by transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2VO) in mice. The ameliorating effect of oroxylin A on memory impairment was investigated using a passive(More)
Sinapic acid is a phenylpropanoid compound and is found in various herbal materials and high-bran cereals. With the exception of its antioxidant activities, the pharmacological properties of sinapic acid have been rarely reported. The purpose of this study was to characterize the putative anxiolytic-like properties of sinapic acid using an elevated(More)