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Many proteins exhibit a large-scale movement of rigid globular domains. Among these, bacterial periplasmic binding proteins involved in substrate transport, or transport and chemotaxis, can be used as prototypes for understanding the mechanism of the movement. Such movements have been found to be associated with specific functions, such as substrate(More)
In the mouse, completion of oocyte maturation and the initiation of preimplantation development occur during transcriptional silence and depend on the presence and translation of stored mRNAs transcribed in the growing oocyte. The Spin gene has three transcripts, each with an identical open reading frame and a different 3' untranslated region (UTR).(More)
Crystal structure of RNA helicase domain from genotype 1b hepatitis C virus has been determined at 2.3 A resolution by the multiple isomorphous replacement method. The structure consists of three domains that form a Y-shaped molecule. One is a NTPase domain containing two highly conserved NTP binding motifs. Another is an RNA binding domain containing a(More)
Cyclomaltodextrinase (CDase, EC 3.2.1.54), maltogenic amylase (EC 3. 2.1.133), and neopullulanase (EC 3.2.1.135) are reported to be capable of hydrolyzing all or two of the following three types of substrates: cyclomaltodextrins (CDs); pullulan; and starch. These enzymes hydrolyze CDs and starch to maltose and pullulan to panose by cleavage of alpha-1,4(More)
The substrate-binding site of a protein with multiple specificity should satisfy geometric and energetic complementarity for several different substrates. The structural basis of the multiple ligand specificity of the periplasmic lysine-, arginine-, ornithine-binding protein (LAO) was investigated by determining and analyzing the structures of the protein(More)
OBJECTIVES This study assessed the clinical utility of mitral annulus velocity in the evaluation of left ventricular diastolic function. BACKGROUND Mitral inflow velocity recorded by Doppler echocardiography has been widely used to evaluate left ventricular diastolic function but is affected by other factors. The mitral annulus velocity profile during(More)
Helicobacter pylori, an etiologic agent in a variety of gastroduodenal diseases, produces a large amount of urease, which is believed to neutralize gastric acid by producing ammonia for the survival of the bacteria. Up to 30% of the enzyme associates with the surface of intact cells upon lysis of neighboring bacteria. The role of the enzyme at the(More)
TRAIL is a cytokine that induces apoptosis in a wide variety of tumor cells but rarely in normal cells. It contains an extraordinarily elongated loop because of an unique insertion of 12-16 amino acids compared with the other members of tumor necrosis factor family. Biological implication of the frame insertion has not been clarified. We have determined the(More)
Delta(5)-3-Ketosteroid isomerase catalyzes cleavage and formation of a C-H bond at a diffusion-controlled limit. By determining the crystal structures of the enzyme in complex with each of three different inhibitors and by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic investigation, we evidenced the ionization of a hydroxyl group (pK(a) approximately 16.5)(More)
Delta(5)-3-Ketosteroid isomerase from Pseudomonas putida biotype B is one of the most proficient enzymes catalyzing an allylic isomerization reaction at rates comparable to the diffusion limit. The hydrogen-bond network (Asp99... Wat504...Tyr14...Tyr55...Tyr30) which links the two catalytic residues, Tyr14 and Asp99, to Tyr30, Tyr55, and a water molecule in(More)