Byung Ho Moon

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Eucommia ulmoides leaves have been used as a folk remedy for the treatment of diabetes in Korea. The aim of this study was to isolate and identify the compounds which inhibited advanced glycation end-product formation, one of main molecular mechanisms implicated in diabetic complications. A new flavonol glycoside, quercetin(More)
The common bright yellow antarctic lamellarian gastropodMarseniopsis mollis was examined for the presence of defensive chemistry. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy indicated that a major component of ethanolic extracts purified by reversed-phase column chromatography was homarine. Further high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)(More)
The bright yellow sponge Isodictya erinacea is one of several chemically defended sponges found on the benthos of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. An investigation of the metabolites from this sponge has resulted in the isolation of purine and nucleoside metabolites, including the previously unreported erinacean (1) and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde. The latter(More)
Though catalepsy is one of the primary features classically associated with morphine injections in animals, several investigators have suggested that morphine may not produce true catalepsy. A study was therefore undertaken using the most widely accepted tests of catalepsy to determine whether a dose related catalepsy could be obtained in rats. The effect(More)
A determination was made of the roles played by the selective uptake inhibition versus release of dopamine (DA) or norepinephrine (NE) ex vivo in either the striatum or cerebral cortex in mediating d-amphetamine induced locomotor activity (AILA). Desmethylimipramine (DMI) and/or d-amphetamine variously effected the uptake of DA and NE in both regions in(More)
Drugs that increase or decrease striatal dopamine levels appear to affect apomorphine induced stereotypy. This finding was unexpected, as it has previously been maintained that drugs which exert any action on striatal DA terminals exclusively would affect only indirect dopaminergic agonists, as opposed to apomorphine which induces stereotypy by acting(More)
Naloxone (0.80 mg/kg) and morphine (7.5 mg/kg) were given to rats or guinea pigs with increasing doses of amphetamine (0.5-6.0 mg/kg) to determine their respective effects on amphetamine-induced stereotypy. In contrast to the inhibiting and potentiating effect of these agents on apomorphine-induced stereotyped behavior, naloxone enhanced and morphine(More)
The specific opiate antagonist, naloxone, inhibits the in vivo and in vitro activity of the endogenous opiate compounds which have heretofore been identified. In this study systemic naloxone administration successfully blocked the production of stereotyped behavior induced by the direct dopamine agonist apomorphine. This implies that the endogenous opiates(More)