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Deposition of α-synuclein aggregates occurs widely in the central and peripheral nervous systems in Parkinson's disease (PD). Although recent evidence has suggested that cell-to-cell transmission of α-synuclein aggregates is associated with the progression of PD, the mechanism by which α-synuclein aggregates spread remains undefined. Here, we show that(More)
A single amyloidogenic protein is implicated in multiple neurological diseases and capable of generating a number of aggregate "strains" with distinct structures. Among the amyloidogenic proteins, α-synuclein generates multiple patterns of proteinopathies in a group of diseases, such as Parkinson disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and multiple(More)
Triglyceride (TG) is known to be associated with inflammatory diseases including atherosclerosis. At the cellular level, TG can act as an immunomodulatory stimulus for macrophages. In this study we show that TG treatment of PMA-differentiated macrophages resulted in down-regulation of MMP-12 expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner. MMP-19 expression(More)
Monocytes and macrophages play a major role in atherosclerosis development. Previously, we found that triglyceride (TG) promoted cell death of PMA-differentiated THP-1 macrophages. In this study, we compared the responsiveness of THP-1 monocytes and PMA-differentiated THP-1 macrophages to TNF-α-induced cell death. We found that, whereas THP-1 monocytes were(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by persistent inflammation of the intestinal tissues. Although the usage of biologics has greatly enhanced the management of this disorder, a permanent treatment does not exist. In this study, we investigated whether the cells with anti-inflammatory and healing properties from the omentum could be(More)
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