Byung Chul Jung

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Deposition of α-synuclein aggregates occurs widely in the central and peripheral nervous systems in Parkinson's disease (PD). Although recent evidence has suggested that cell-to-cell transmission of α-synuclein aggregates is associated with the progression of PD, the mechanism by which α-synuclein aggregates spread remains undefined. Here, we show that(More)
Amyloid fibril formation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Fibrillation generates numerous conformers. Presumably, the conformers may possess specific biological properties, thus providing a biochemical framework for strains of prions. However, the precise relationship between various fibril conformers and their(More)
A single amyloidogenic protein is implicated in multiple neurological diseases and capable of generating a number of aggregate "strains" with distinct structures. Among the amyloidogenic proteins, α-synuclein generates multiple patterns of proteinopathies in a group of diseases, such as Parkinson disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and multiple(More)
Parkin is a known tumor suppressor. However, the mechanism by which parkin acts as a tumor suppressor remains to be fully elucidated. Previously, we reported that parkin expression induces caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death in TNF-α-treated HeLa cells. However, at that time, we did not consider the involvement of parkin in cell cycle control. In the(More)
Parkin was originally identified as a protein associated with Parkinson's disease. Recently, numerous research studies have suggested that parkin acts as a tumor suppressor. In accordance with these studies, we previously reported that overexpression of parkin in HeLa cells induced growth inhibition. To elucidate possible mechanisms by which parkin may(More)
Triglyceride (TG) is known to be associated with inflammatory diseases including atherosclerosis. At the cellular level, TG can act as an immunomodulatory stimulus for macrophages. In this study we show that TG treatment of PMA-differentiated macrophages resulted in down-regulation of MMP-12 expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner. MMP-19 expression(More)
Monocytes and macrophages play a major role in atherosclerosis development. Previously, we found that triglyceride (TG) promoted cell death of PMA-differentiated THP-1 macrophages. In this study, we compared the responsiveness of THP-1 monocytes and PMA-differentiated THP-1 macrophages to TNF-α-induced cell death. We found that, whereas THP-1 monocytes were(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by persistent inflammation of the intestinal tissues. Although the usage of biologics has greatly enhanced the management of this disorder, a permanent treatment does not exist. In this study, we investigated whether the cells with anti-inflammatory and healing properties from the omentum could be(More)
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