Byung Cheol Lee

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Numerous secreted virulence factors have been proposed to account for the fulminating and destructive nature of Vibrio vulnificus infections. A mutant of V. vulnificus that exhibited less cytotoxicity to INT-407 human intestinal epithelial cells was screened from a library of mutants constructed by random transposon mutagenesis. A transposon-tagging method(More)
Rice straw was irradiated using an electron beam at currents and then hydrolyzed with cellulase and beta-glucosidase to produce glucose. The pretreatment by electron beam irradiation (EBI) was found to significantly increase the enzyme digestibility of rice straw. Specifically, when rice straw that was pretreated by EBI at 80 kGy at 0.12 mA and 1 MeV was(More)
A wbpP gene encoding a putative UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine C(4) epimerase was identified and cloned from Vibrio vulnificus. The functions of the wbpP gene, assessed by the construction of an isogenic mutant and by evaluating its phenotype changes, demonstrated that WbpP is essential in both the pathogenesis and the capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis of V.(More)
During Vibrio vulnificus infection, V. vulnificus reaches the intestine and then invades the bloodstream by crossing the intestinal mucosal barrier of the host, which results in systemic septicemia. Previously, we reported that the RtxA toxin secreted through the RtxE transporter contributes to the cytotoxicity of V. vulnificus against intestinal epithelial(More)
Otitis media (OM) is the most common childhood bacterial infection and the major cause of conductive hearing loss in children. Mucus overproduction is a hallmark of OM. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common gram-positive bacterial pathogen causing OM. Among many mucin genes, MUC5AC has been found to be greatly up-regulated in the middle ear mucosa of(More)
Recently, quorum sensing has been implicated as an important global regulator controlling the production of numerous virulence factors such as capsular polysaccharides in bacterial pathogens. The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of smcR, a homolog of V. harveyi luxR identified from V. vulnificus ATCC29307, were analyzed. The amino acid sequence(More)
Vibrio vulnificus is a Gram-negative bacterium that induces severely rapid pathological progress. In this study, we evaluated the antibacterial activity of two water-soluble chitosan oligosaccharides, COS A (MW, 10,000 Da) and COS B (MW, 1,000 Da), from 90-95% deacetylated chitosan, against V. vulnificus in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with COS A resulted(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Cytokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of kidney diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of interleukin (IL)-1 cluster genes on diabetic nephropathy in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS We investigated -511 C/T polymorphism of IL-1 beta and tandem repeat polymorphism in intron 2(More)
Inflammation is a hallmark of many important human diseases. Appropriate inflammation is critical for host defense; however, an overactive response is detrimental to the host. Thus, inflammation must be tightly regulated. The molecular mechanisms underlying the tight regulation of inflammation remain largely unknown. Ecotropic viral integration site 1(More)