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Suppression of M current channels by muscarinic receptors enhances neuronal excitability. Little is known about the molecular mechanism of this inhibition except the requirement for a specific G protein and the involvement of an unidentified diffusible second messenger. We demonstrate here that intracellular ATP is required for recovery of KCNQ2/KCNQ3(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate is a signaling phospholipid of the plasma membrane that has a dynamically changing concentration. In addition to being the precursor of inositol trisphosphate and diacylglycerol, it complexes with and regulates many cytoplasmic and membrane proteins. Recent work has characterized the regulation of a wide range of ion(More)
We have further tested the hypothesis that receptor-mediated modulation of KCNQ channels involves depletion of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) by phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC). We used four parallel assays to characterize the agonist-induced PLC response of cells (tsA or CHO cells) expressing M1 muscarinic receptors:(More)
Activity of KCNQ (Kv7) channels requires binding of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) from the plasma membrane. We give evidence that Mg(2+) and polyamines weaken the KCNQ channel-phospholipid interaction. Lowering internal Mg(2+) augmented inward and outward KCNQ currents symmetrically, and raising Mg(2+) reduced currents symmetrically.(More)
Receptor-mediated modulation of KCNQ channels regulates neuronal excitability. This study concerns the kinetics and mechanism of M1 muscarinic receptor-mediated regulation of the cloned neuronal M channel, KCNQ2/KCNQ3 (Kv7.2/Kv7.3). Receptors, channels, various mutated G-protein subunits, and an optical probe for phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2)(More)
Phosphoinositides are a family of minority acidic phospholipids in cell membranes. Their principal role is instructional: they interact with proteins. Each cellular membrane compartment uses a characteristic species of phosphoinositide. This signature phosphoinositide attracts a specific complement of functionally important, loosely attached peripheral(More)
Some ion channels are regulated by inositol phospholipids and by the products of cleavage by phospholipase C (PLC). KCNQ channels (Kv7) require membrane phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) and are turned off when muscarinic receptors stimulate cleavage of PIP(2) by PLC. We test whether diacylglycerols are also important in the regulation of(More)
The β-subunits of voltage-gated Ca(2+) (Ca(V)) channels regulate the functional expression and several biophysical properties of high-voltage-activated Ca(V) channels. We find that Ca(V) β-subunits also determine channel regulation by the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)). When Ca(V)1.3, -2.1, or -2.2 channels are(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) signal through molecular messengers, such as Gβγ, Ca(2+), and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), to modulate N-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) (CaV2.2) channels, playing a crucial role in regulating synaptic transmission. However, the cellular pathways through which GqPCRs inhibit CaV2.2 channel current are not(More)
To resolve the controversy about messengers regulating KCNQ ion channels during phospholipase C-mediated suppression of current, we designed translocatable enzymes that quickly alter the phosphoinositide composition of the plasma membrane after application of a chemical cue. The KCNQ current falls rapidly to zero when phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate(More)