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1. The brain constituents beta-phenylethylamine (PEA) and tryptamine enhance the impulse propagation mediated transmitter release (exocytosis) from the catecholaminergic and serotoninergic neurons in the brain ('catecholaminergic/serotoninergic activity enhancer, CAE/SAE, effect'). (-)Deprenyl (Selegiline) and (-)1-phenyl-2-propylaminopentane [(-)PPAP] are(More)
The catecholaminergic and serotoninergic neurons in the brain change their performance according to the physiological need via a catecholaminergic/serotoninergic activity enhancer (CAE/SAE) mechanism. Phenylethylamine (PEA), tyramine and tryptamine are the presently known endogenous CAE/SAE substances which enhance the impulse propagation mediated release(More)
The recent discovery of the enhancer regulation in the mammalian brain brought a different perspective to the brain-organized realization of goal-oriented behavior, which is the quintessence of plastic behavioral descriptions such as drive or motivation. According to this new approach, 'drive' means that special endogenous enhancer substances enhance the(More)
The peculiar tyramine uptake inhibitory effect of (-)deprenyl prompted structure-activity relationship studies aiming to develop new spectrum central nervous system stimulants which are devoid of MAO inhibitory potency and operate de facto as indirectly acting, nonreleasing sympathomimetics. Of the derivatives synthesized for this purpose,(More)
The amount of dopamine released from the striatum, substantia nigra and tuberculum olfactorium, noradrenaline from locus coeruleus and serotonin from the raphe, was significantly higher in four and five weeks old rats than in three month old ones, proving that the catecholaminergic/serotoninergic activity enhancer (CAE/SAE) regulation works unrestrained(More)
Effects of deprenyl and amphetamine enantiomers on different behavioural patterns were compared. Whereas (+)-amphetamine in doses of 1-3 mg/kg SC, (-)-amphetamine, and (+)-deprenyl in doses of 5-20 mg/kg SC increased the locomotor activity and the time the animals displayed stereotyped head movement, enhanced the acquisition of conditioned avoidance(More)
AIspace is a project that has been providing interactive tools for teaching and learning basic concepts in Artificial Intelligence for several years. In this paper we give an overview of the history and current state of the project. We introduce new functionality which has been added to the tools and allows them to be customized for various applications(More)
PAQ8 makes use of several simple machine learning models and algorithms. We show how understanding PAQ8 enables us to improve the algorithms. We also present a broad range of new applications of PAQ8 to machine learning tasks including language modeling and adaptive text prediction, adaptive game playing, classification, and lossy compression using features(More)