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516 S udden cardiac death (SCD) remains a high priority public health problem necessitating a multi-pronged approach for treatment and prevention. Tachyarrhythmic sudden cardiac death (SCD-VT/VF; ie, death attributable to potentially reversible ventricular tachyarrhythmias [ventricular tachy-cardia (VT) or fibrillation (VF)]), is a major cause of SCD.(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial arrhythmias are associated with inflammation. The cause and effect of the association are unknown. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that atrial tachyarrhythmias contribute to inflammation. METHODS We performed a prospective observational study wherein C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)(More)
BACKGROUND The new oral anticoagulants (NOAC), dabigatran and rivaroxaban, have been demonstrated to be at least equivalent to warfarin for preventing cardiac thromboembolism (TE) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there is limited data regarding use around catheter ablation (CA) procedures. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the risk of bleeding and(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is abnormal in experimental models of diabetes mellitus. We postulated that abnormalities of endothelial function are also present in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and may contribute to the pathogenesis of vascular disease in these individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS Vascular reactivity was(More)
BACKGROUND Mediastinal irradiation is known to cause cardiac disease, but its effect on left ventricular diastolic function is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction and its association with prognosis in asymptomatic patients after mediastinal irradiation. METHODS We recruited 294 patients who had(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been linked to an inflammatory process detected through various biomarkers, including C-Reactive Protein (CRP). Early recurrence of AF within the first 3 months after curative AF ablation is not felt to reflect success or failure of the procedure. We hypothesized that this early recurrence is due to an inflammatory(More)
Alcohol and vagal activity may be important triggers for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), but it remains unknown if these associations occur more often than would be expected by chance alone because of the lack of a comparator group in previous studies. We compared self-reported frequency of these triggers in patients with PAF to those with other(More)
To compare usefulness of a ventricular extrastimulus (VES) from the right ventricular (RV) apex versus the RV septum in patients with a septal accessory pathway (AP), VES was applied from the RV apex and the summit of the RV septum in patients with septal APs. A VES from the RV apex and from the summit was diagnostic of the presence of an AP in 13 of 28(More)
PURPOSE Incidental cardiac irradiation during treatment of thoracic neoplasms has increased risks for subsequent acute myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac death. Identifying patients who have a high risk for a coronary event may decrease morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether stress imaging can identify severe,(More)