Byoung-kuk Na

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Malaria is one of the most serious problems threatening human health in Myanmar. Although the morbidity and mortality rates due to malaria have been gradually declining, Myanmar still contributes to a large proportion of malarial death in the South-East Asia region. However, little is known about the nature and extent of genetic diversity of the malarial(More)
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR; EC1.5.1.3) is a known target enzyme for antifolate agents, which are used as alternative chemotherapeutics for chloroquine-resistant malaria. Mutations in the dhfr gene of Plasmodium vivax are thought to be associated with resistance to the antifolate drugs. In this study, we have analyzed genetic variations in the dhfr genes(More)
Amniotic membrane (AM) contains basement membrane components and various proteinase inhibitors. Furthermore, when used as a graft, the basement membrane of AM could block inflammatory insults to a damaged corneal surface. Thus, we evaluated whether amniotic membrane patching could promote the healing process by inhibiting proteolytic damage. Alkali wounds(More)
A secreted proteinase was purified from the culture supernatant of Acanthamoeba castellanii with several chromatographic steps. The purified proteinase was a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase. Its molecular weight was approximately 12 kDa on SDS-PAGE, and its native molecular weight was 12 kDa when determined by molecular sieve chromatography. It showed a(More)
Many immune down-regulatory molecules have been isolated from parasites, including cystatin (cystain protease inhibitor). In a previous study, we isolated and characterized Type I cystatin (CsStefin-1) of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. To investigate whether the CsStefin-1 might be a new host immune modulator, we induced intestinal inflammation in(More)
The Plasmodium falciparum cysteine protease falcipain-2 is a trophozoite hemoglobinase and potential antimalarial drug target. Unlike other studied papain family proteases, falcipain-2 does not require its prodomain for folding to active enzyme. Rather, folding is mediated by an amino-terminal extension of the mature protease. As in related enzymes, the(More)
Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein (PvDBP) is a micronemal type I membrane protein that plays an essential role in erythrocyte invasion of merozoites. PvDBP is a prime blood stage vaccine candidate antigen against P. vivax, but its polymorphic nature represents a major obstacle to the successful design of a protective vaccine against vivax malaria. In(More)
Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein (PvDBP) plays an essential role in erythrocyte invasion and a potential asexual blood stage vaccine candidate antigen against P. vivax. The polymorphic nature of PvDBP, particularly amino terminal cysteine-rich region (PvDBPII), represents a major impediment to the successful design of a protective vaccine against(More)
Cysteine proteases play important roles in the life cycles of malaria parasites. Cysteine protease inhibitors block haemoglobin hydrolysis and development in Plasmodium falciparum, suggesting that the cysteine proteases of this major human pathogen, termed falcipains, are appropriate therapeutic targets. To expand our understanding of plasmodial proteases(More)
Paramyosin of the helminth parasite is a muscle protein that plays multifunctional roles in host-parasite relationships. In this study, we have cloned a gene encoding Paragonimus westermani paramyosin (PwPmy) and characterized biochemical and immunological properties of the recombinant protein. The recombinant PwPmy (rPwPmy) was shown to bind both human(More)