Byoung S. Kwon

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Collagen type II-induced arthritis is a CD4(+) T-cell-dependent chronic inflammation in susceptible DBA/1 mice and represents an animal model of human rheumatoid arthritis. We found that development of this condition, and even established disease, are inhibited by an agonistic anti-4-1BB monoclonal antibody. Anti-4-1BB suppressed serum antibodies to(More)
The blood and lymphatic systems are the two well-established circulatory systems. The existence of a third circulatory system representing acupuncture meridians was claimed in the 1960s. The very existence and function of the system, however, remained uncertain. We have found that microscopic nodes and ducts inside lymphatics, as well as on the surface of(More)
The expression of TWEAK (TNFSF12) and TweakR/Fn14 was detected in regions rich in macrophage/foam cells in atherosclerotic plaques. The role of TWEAK in monocytes in relation to atherogenesis was investigated by analyzing the cellular events induced by TWEAK in a human macrophage-like cell line, THP-1. TWEAK induced various molecular mediators of(More)
Cancer immune evasion is a major stumbling block in designing effective anticancer therapeutic strategies. Although considerable progress has been made in understanding how cancers evade destructive immunity, measures to counteract tumor escape have not kept pace. There are a number of factors that contribute to tumor persistence despite having a normal(More)
It is perhaps rare to encounter among the various immunologically competent receptor–ligand pairs that a single cell surface determinant unleashes both a hidden suppressive function and costimulation. 4-1BB, an activation-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor family member chiefly viewed as a powerful T-cell costimulatory molecule, is one such example.(More)
This laboratory has established in previous studies that Pmel 17, a gene expressed specifically in melanocytes, maps near the silver coat color locus (si/si) on mouse chromosome 10. In the current study, we have focused on determining whether or not the si allele carries a mutation in Pmel 17. Pmel 17 cDNA clones, isolated from wild-type and si/si murine(More)
TL1A (VEGI/TNFSF15) is the ligand for DR3 (TNFRSF12) and is a newly identified member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily (TNFSF). Previously, DR3 has been shown to have a role in atherogenesis through stimulation of matrix degrading enzymes including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9. Immunohistochemical staining of human carotid atherosclerotic(More)
The 4-1BB (a TNFR superfamily member) is an inducible costimulatory molecule that can exert regulatory effects on T cells independently of CD28 stimulation. The in vitro expression of 4-1BB (CD137) is induced following activation of T cells with various stimuli, including anti-TCR mAbs, lectins, and a combination of PMA and ionomycin. To delineate further(More)
A number of chemokines induce angiogenesis and endothelial cells express several chemokine receptors. To date, only a limited number of CC chemokines for CCR1 have been reported to induce angiogenic responses. We investigated the ability of CCL23 (also known as MPIF-1, MIP-3, or CKbeta8) to promote angiogenesis, which induces chemotaxis of immune cells(More)
Multiple studies have demonstrated that 4-1BB (CD137), a member of the TNF receptor superfamily, is expressed on several immune cells including activated T cells. However, the expression and the role of 4-1BB on natural killer T (NKT) cells have not been fully characterized. In this study, it was shown that 4-1BB was not expressed on naive NKT cells but was(More)