Byoung Kwon Kim

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Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer seen in women in western countries. Thus, diagnostic modalities sensitive to early-stage breast cancer are needed. Antibody-based array platforms of a data-driven type, which are expected to facilitate more rapid and sensitive detection of novel biomarkers, have emerged as a direct, rapid means for profiling(More)
BACKGROUND Although the pathogenetic relevance of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) to glomerulosclerosis is well established, it is not known whether a signal transduction cascade of TGF-beta is involved in the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), nor is it clear how TGF-beta 1 is activated during the course of FSGS formation.(More)
BACKGROUND The slit-diaphragm protein nephrin is an essential component of the glomerular filtration barrier. It is not clear whether renal injury in patients with acquired proteinuric diseases is associated with altered regulation of the nephrin gene or protein. METHODS We examined expression patterns of nephrin protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) in renal(More)
To apply the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) assessment system to an osteoarthritis model, 44 Wistar rats were randomized into treadmill-running exercise or control group. At 6, 8, and 10 weeks, medial knee joints were histopathologically evaluated, and aggrecan neoepitope and TUNEL staining were performed. Cartilage changes in(More)
AIM To investigate the outcome and effectiveness of two screening programs, National Cancer Screening Program (NCSP) and opportunistic screening (OS), for the detection of gastric cancer. METHODS A total of 45  654 subjects underwent upper endoscopy as part of the NCSP or OS at the Chung-Ang University Healthcare System in Korea between January 2007 and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The incidence of early colorectal cancer (ECC) has been increasing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and prognosis of ECC treated by endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). METHODS A total of 129 ECC patients who were initially treated by EMR between April 2005 and August 2007 were enrolled. Clinicopathological(More)
Oral tolerance is the systemic unresponsiveness induced by orally administered proteins. To explore the roles of natural killer T (NKT) cells in oral tolerance, we induced oral tolerance to ovalbumin (OVA) in NKT cell-deficient mice. In CD1d-/- mice, the induction of tolerance to orally administered high- or low-dose OVA was impaired. Dendritic cells (DCs)(More)
Glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor (GITR) is known to provide costimulatory signals to CD4+CD25- and CD4+CD25+ T cells during immune responses in vivo. However, the functional roles of GITR expressed on NKT cells have not been well characterized. In this study, we have explored the functions of GITR as a costimulatory factor on NKT cells. GITR was found to(More)
Despite the fact that major histocompatibility complex class II transactivator (CIITA) has been known to be involved in Th1/Th2 balance in addition to its major role as a master regulator for the expression of MHC class II genes, the exact role of CIITA in Th1/Th2 balance is still controversial. To investigate whether the Th1/Th2 balance could be modulated(More)