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We tested divalent metals including Cu2+, Pb2+, and Zn2+ to determine their pharmacological profiles for blockade of cloned T-type Ca2+ channels (alpha1G, alpha1 H, and alpha1I). Effects of the metals were also evaluated for native low and high voltage-activated Ca2+ channels in rat sympathetic pelvic neurons. Cu2+ and Zn2+ blocked three T-type channel(More)
Among autonomic neurons, sympathetic neurons of the major pelvic ganglia (MPG) are unique by expressing low-voltage-activated T-type Ca2+ channels. To date, the T-type Ca2+ channels have been poorly characterized, although they are believed to be potentially important for functions of the MPG neurons. In the present study, thus we investigated(More)
In order to discover novel small vasodilatory molecules for potential use in the treatment of vascular disease, we tested the vasodilatation effect of two types of synthetic curcumin mimics, amide type (3) and sulfonyl amide type (4), upon the basilar artery of rabbits. In general, the sulfonyl amide type mimic (4) is more potent than the amide type (3).(More)
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterized by recurrent episodes of colonic inflammation and tissue degeneration in human or animal models. The contractile force generated by the smooth muscle is significantly attenuated, resulting in altered motility leading to diarrhea or constipation in IBD. The aim of this study is to(More)
Sargahydroquinoic acid (2), a major active constituent of Sargassum micracanthum collected from the coast of the East Sea in Korea, showed a selective vasodilatation effect on the basilar arteries of rabbits. Therefore, treatment with sargahydroquinoic acid may selectively accelerate cerebral blood flow through dilatation of the basilar artery without(More)
Although nerve injury is known to up- and down-regulate some metabotropic receptors in vagal afferent neurons of the nodose ganglia (NG), the functional significance has not been elucidated. In the present study, thus, we examined whether nerve injury affected receptor-mediated Ca2+ channel modulation in the NG neurons. In this regard, unilateral vagotomy(More)
Hyaluronan has diverse biological activities depending on its molecular size. High molecular weight hyaluronan (2000 kDa) is a major component of extracellular matrix, and has been used in wounding healing, extracellular matrix regeneration, and in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Hyaluronan fragments can stimulate inflammation or induce loss of(More)
A specific blocker of L-type Ca(2+) channels may be useful in decreasing arterial tone by reducing the open-state probability of L-type Ca(2+) channels. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the farnesylacetones, which are major active constituents of Sargassum siliquastrum, regarding their vasodilatation efficacies, selectivities toward L-type(More)
A newly designed curcumin mimic library (11a-11k) with 2-ethylamino groups in a chalcone structure and variously substituted triazole groups as side chains was synthesized using the Huisgen 1,3-cycloaddition reaction between various alkynes (a-k) and an intermediate (10), with CuSO4 and sodium ascorbate in a solution mixture of chloroform, ethanol, and(More)
Pelvic ganglia (PG) play critical roles in relaying sympathetic and parasympathetic information from the spinal cord to the penile vasculature and, controlling the penile reflex. Animal studies have shown that androgen deprivation by castration causes erectile dysfunction (ED). Until now, however, neural mechanisms underlying castration-induced ED remain(More)