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Intersection-collision warning systems use vehicle-to-infrastructure communication to avoid accidents at urban intersections. However, they are costly because additional roadside infrastructure must be installed, and they suffer from problems related to real-time information delivery. In this paper, an intersection-collision warning system based on(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the clinical characteristics of cervical spine trauma in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) with those of a control group. METHODS A total of 124 patients with cervical spine trauma from January 2004 to December 2013 were reviewed. Fourteen patients were(More)
Subependymomas are slow-growing, benign neoplasms that are rarely found in the spinal cord. Because of the differences in the treatment plans, it might be very helpful for neurosurgeons to intraoperatively establish a diagnosis of spinal subependymoma, differentiated from other spinal intramedullary tumors. In this study, we analyzed frozen sections of(More)
This paper describes the design of a high-efficiency vehicular roof-mounted antenna for wireless access for vehicular environment (WAVE) communication systems used for ubiquitous intelligent systems. The main objective of the ubiquitous intelligent system's automotive IT technology is to enhance the connectivity among vehicles to ensure seamless(More)
Vehicle-mounted sensors have a limited detection range on a road with a gradient in relation to the vehicle infront. This study analyzes the performance on a road with a gradient of a forward collision warning system based on vehicle sensors. The level of warning given in relation to a vehicle infront is defined by the time-to-collision. Simulation results(More)
We modeled electrical tractor''s system and driving parts using model-based design (MBD) and an automotive simulation model (ASM). Conventionally, researchers have used empirical approaches or have analyzed partial aspects of the system in order to develop an electrical tractor. Studies applying MBD to the parts and entire system of the electrical tractor,(More)
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