Byeong Keun Ha

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Activity-dependent modulation of synaptic efficacy in the brain contributes to neural circuit development and experience-dependent plasticity. Although glia are affected by activity and ensheathe synapses, their influence on synaptic strength has largely been ignored. Here, we show that a protein produced by glia, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha),(More)
BACKGROUND Smooth muscle tumors of the vulva are rare and sometimes create diagnostic difficulty because of unusual morphological features. CASE A 29-year-old African-American female presented with a vulval mass during her 5th week of pregnancy. The lesion was surgically removed under the clinical impression of a Bartholin cyst. Histopathological findings(More)
In vitro receptor autoradiography was used to localize sigma 1 receptors, sigma 2 receptors, and novel haloperidol/DTG-inaccessible sites for sigma and opiate ligands in rat spleen. Sigma-1 receptors were present throughout the spleen, but were most concentrated in the T cell zones. Binding under "sigma 2 receptor-selective' conditions was 70% nonspecific,(More)
Microglia are key mediators of the immune response in the central nervous system (CNS). They are closely related to macrophages and undergo dramatic morphological and functional changes after CNS trauma or excitotoxic lesions. Microglia can be directly stimulated by excitatory neurotransmitters and are known to express many neurotransmitter receptors. The(More)
In addition to well-known N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated excitotoxicity, recent studies suggest that non-NMDA type ionotropic glutamate receptors are also important mediators of excitotoxic neuronal death, and that their functional expression can be regulated by the cellular environment. In this study, we used cerebellar granule cells (CGCs)(More)
High concentrations of novel, haloperidol- and DTG-inaccessible (+)-[3H]-3-PPP binding sites were found in human peripheral blood leukocytes rat spleen and splenocytes, but not in rat brain. Splenic sites were localized in a course punctate pattern in the marginal zones and red pulp. The pharmacology of the splenic sites was: (-)-SKF 10,047 > or =(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) type cytokines show functional redundancy in the immune, hematopoietic, and nervous system, which is believed to result from sharing of the signal transducing receptor gp130. IL-6 type cytokines and their binding receptors have been localized in the adult cerebellum. However, the cellular localization and developmental regulation of(More)
In the adult cerebellum, corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), that is localized in climbing fibers, mossy fibers, and a fine varicose plexus along the Purkinje cell layer, modulates the responsiveness of Purkinje cells to excitatory amino acids. During development, CRF has been detected in the primitive cerebellar anlage as early as embryonic day (E)10,(More)
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