Byeong C. Kim

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The G-protein coupled receptor family of glutamate receptors, termed metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), are implicated in numerous cellular mechanisms ranging from neural development to the processing of cognitive, sensory, and motor information. Over the last decade, multiple mGluR-related signal cascades have been identified at excitatory(More)
BACKGROUND Human infection with Streptococcus suis (S. suis), a zoonotic pathogen, has been reported mainly in pig-rearing and pork-consuming countries. Meningitis is the most-common clinical manifestation and is often associated with deafness and vestibular dysfunction. CASE REPORT A 57-year-old man was referred to the hospital with headaches, fevers,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We hypothesized that technetium-99m-ethylene dicysteine-metronidazole (99mTc-EC-MN) localizes to brain tissue that is hypoxic but viable. This study prospectively evaluated the relationship between neurological outcome and uptake of 99mTc-EC-MN in peri-infarcted regions of the brain. METHODS Eight patients with acute ischemic stroke(More)
OBJECTIVES Magnetic resonance (MRI) studies rely on sulcal boundaries to delineate the human entorhinal cortex (EC) and typically show that EC size is reduced in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and a predictor of future dementia. However, it is unknown if variations in the EC sulcal patterns are associated with AD. We classified the lateral EC sulcal boundary as(More)
Little is known of combined utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for prediction of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and longitudinal data is scarce. We examined these biomarkers at baseline and longitudinally in incipient AD. Forty-five subjects [21 controls (NL-NL), 16 stable MCI (MCI-MCI), 8 MCI who declined to AD(More)
BACKGROUND Midbrain atrophy is a well-known feature of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Some clinical features of vascular parkinsonism (VP) such as pseudobulbar phenomena, lower body predominance and early postural instability suggest that the brainstem could be associated with VP. The aim of this study was to determine whether midbrain atrophy was(More)
Excessive accumulation of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) is one of the major mechanisms responsible for neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease. Flavonoids, primarily antioxidants, are a group of polyphenolic compounds synthesized in plant cells. The present study aimed to identify flavonoid compounds that could inhibit Aβ-induced neuronal death by examining the(More)
Trochlear palsy from intra-axial lesions usually accompanies other neurological deficits, and isolated trochlear palsy due to midbrain stroke is extremely rare. We report two patients with isolated trochlear nerve palsy due to circumscribed dorsal midbrain strokes, one from infarction and the other from hemorrhage, which are located in the region of the(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively review the outcome after angioplasty in patients with symptomatic, high-grade middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis refractory to medical therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval to perform angioplasty procedures for MCA stenosis was obtained, and written informed consent was obtained from each patient(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Time-dependent changes in individual platelet reactivity have been detected in patients with coronary artery disease. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the time-dependent changes in platelet reactivity to aspirin during the acute stage after ischemic stroke and the clinical implications of variable patient responses to aspirin in acute(More)