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OBJECTIVE To categorize a syndrome manifesting as prominent acute bulbar palsy (ABP) without limb motor weakness as a variant form of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and differentiate it from Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) and pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) variants. METHODS We analyzed cases of ABP without limb motor weakness based on a dataset(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is emerging as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of carotid artery stenosis (CS), but the effect of CAS on the cognitive function of patients with severe CS has not been fully investigated. The aim of this study was to use comprehensive neuropsychological tests to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Serial nerve conduction studies (NCSs) are recommended for differentiating axonal and demyelinating Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), but this approach is not suitable for early diagnoses. This study was designed to identify possible NCS parameters for differentiating GBS subtypes. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical(More)
The sequential reactive changes in Schwann cell phenotypes in transected peripheral nerves, including dedifferentiation, proliferation and migration, are essential for nerve repair. Even though the injury-induced migratory and proliferative behaviors of Schwann cells resemble epithelial and mesenchymal transition (EMT) in tumors, the molecular mechanisms(More)
Schwann cells (SCs), which form the peripheral myelin sheath, have the unique ability to dedifferentiate and to destroy the myelin sheath under various demyelination conditions. During SC dedifferentiation-associated demyelination (SAD) in Wallerian degeneration (WD) after axonal injury, SCs exhibit myelin and junctional instability, down-regulation of(More)
Ophthalmoplegia can occur in both Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) with typical limb involvement. However, ophthalmoplegic GBS (OGBS) has been poorly defined. We aimed to characterize OGBS and clarify the pathophysiological implications across the overall GBS spectrum. Twenty GBS and seven MFS patients from three university(More)
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