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OBJECTIVE Xenon provides neuroprotection in multiple animal models; however, little is known about the other noble gases. The aim of the current study was to compare xenon, argon, and helium neuroprotection in a neonatal asphyxia model in rats. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Laboratory. SUBJECTS Seven-day-old postnatal Sprague-Dawley(More)
It has been demonstrated that transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) improves recovery of injured spinal cord in animal models. However, the mechanism of how BMSCs promote repair of injured spinal cord remains under investigation. The present study investigated the neural differentiation of BMSCs, the lesion volume and axonal regrowth(More)
BACKGROUND Good postoperative recovery is increasingly recognized as an important outcome after surgery. The authors created a new Post-operative Quality Recovery Scale (PQRS) that tracks multiple domains of recovery from immediate to long-term time periods in patients of varying ages, languages, and cultures. METHODS The parameters of importance to both(More)
BACKGROUND Perinatal hypoxia-ischemia causes significant morbidity and mortality. Xenon and sevoflurane may be used as inhalational analgesics for labor. Therefore, the authors investigated the potential application of these agents independently and in combination to attenuate perinatal injury. METHODS Oxygen-glucose deprivation injury was induced in pure(More)
BACKGROUND Children with multiple exposures to anesthesia and surgery may have an increased risk of developing cognitive impairment. Sevoflurane is a commonly used anesthetic in children. Tau phosphorylation contributes to cognitive dysfunction. The authors therefore assessed the effects of sevoflurane on Tau phosphorylation and the underlying mechanisms in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of carbon-dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation on hemodynamic and respiratory function during laparoscopic inguinal hernioplasty and to evaluate the safety of transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP) and extraperitoneal hernia repair (TEP). MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty patients with inguinal(More)
To estimate the accuracy of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) in predicting postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, 46 patients aged more than 50years old were enrolled. We measured the patients' cognitive function by using a battery of six neuropsychological tests before surgery and then 7days(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. At the present time, however, AD still lacks effective treatments. Our recent studies showed that chronic treatment with anesthetic propofol attenuated brain caspase-3 activation and improved cognitive function in aged mice. Accumulation of β-amyloid protein (Aβ) is a major component of the(More)
Post-translational modification of proteins by the small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs) has emerged as an important regulatory mechanism for alteration of protein activity, stability, and cellular localization. It has been reported that SUMOylation plays an important role in some activities of neuronal cells. However, the link between SUMOylation and(More)
Abnormal histone acetylation occurs during neuropathic pain through an epigenetic mechanism. Silent information regulator 1 (sir2 or SIRT1), a NAD-dependent deacetylase, plays complex systemic roles in a variety of processes through deacetylating acetylated histone and other specific substrates. But the role of SIRT1 in neuropathic pain is not well(More)