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BACKGROUND Perinatal hypoxia-ischemia causes significant morbidity and mortality. Xenon and sevoflurane may be used as inhalational analgesics for labor. Therefore, the authors investigated the potential application of these agents independently and in combination to attenuate perinatal injury. METHODS Oxygen-glucose deprivation injury was induced in pure(More)
The contralateral allodynia to an injury has been described both in humans and various models of neuropathic and inflammatory pain in rats. In this article, the occurrence of mirror-image pain (MIP) in human beings and animals were reviewed and the possible mechanism of MIP reported was summarized. Last, according to the literature published, we raise some(More)
It has been demonstrated that transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) improves recovery of injured spinal cord in animal models. However, the mechanism of how BMSCs promote repair of injured spinal cord remains under investigation. The present study investigated the neural differentiation of BMSCs, the lesion volume and axonal regrowth(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of clonidine on bilateral pain behaviors and inflammatory responses in neuropathic pain induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL), and to better understand whether the antinociception of clonidine was related to α(2)-adrenoceptor mechanisms. Rats were divided randomly into five groups:(More)
Injury to the peripheral nervous system can lead to spontaneous pain, hyperalgesia and allodynia. Previous studies have shown sprouting of Abeta-fibres into lamina II of the spinal cord dorsal horn after nerve injury and the formation of new synapses by these sprouts. beta-Catenin and menin as synaptogenic factors are critically involved in synapse(More)
Abnormal histone acetylation occurs during neuropathic pain through an epigenetic mechanism. Silent information regulator 1 (sir2 or SIRT1), a NAD-dependent deacetylase, plays complex systemic roles in a variety of processes through deacetylating acetylated histone and other specific substrates. But the role of SIRT1 in neuropathic pain is not well(More)
Low dose sevoflurane is demonstrated to have neuronal excitatory effects in the central nervous system. Activity-regulated cytoskeleton protein (Arc) can be rapidly expressed in the hippocampus for the modulation of synaptic plasticity. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway is also involved in learning and memory by mediating signals and(More)
Sevoflurane exposures were demonstrated to induce neurotoxicity in the developing brain in both human and animal studies. However, there is no effective approach to reverse it. The present study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to prevent sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity. P6 (postnatal 6 days) mice were(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. At the present time, however, AD still lacks effective treatments. Our recent studies showed that chronic treatment with anesthetic propofol attenuated brain caspase-3 activation and improved cognitive function in aged mice. Accumulation of β-amyloid protein (Aβ) is a major component of the(More)
Post-translational modification of proteins by the small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs) has emerged as an important regulatory mechanism for alteration of protein activity, stability, and cellular localization. It has been reported that SUMOylation plays an important role in some activities of neuronal cells. However, the link between SUMOylation and(More)