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PURPOSE To compare the usefulness of voiding US of the bladder and retrovesical space with echo enhancement with that of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) for diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and to assess patient tolerance of the echo-enhancing agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred eighty-eight patients (aged 5 days to 20 years) referred for(More)
BACKGROUND Growth hormone treatment stimulates growth in short children with chronic renal failure. However, the extent to which this therapy increases final adult height is not known. METHODS We followed 38 initially prepubertal children with chronic renal failure treated with growth hormone for a mean of 5.3 years until they reached their final adult(More)
Dent disease is an X-linked renal proximal tubulopathy associated with mutations in the chloride channel gene CLCN5. Lowe syndrome, a multisystem disease characterized by renal tubulopathy, congenital cataracts, and mental retardation, is associated with mutations in the gene OCRL1, which encodes a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2))(More)
PURPOSE Hypokalemic salt-losing tubulopathies (Bartter-like syndromes) comprise a set of clinically and genetically distinct inherited renal disorders. Mutations in four renal membrane proteins involved in electrolyte reabsorption have been identified in these disorders: the furosemide-sensitive sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter NKCC2, the potassium(More)
Serum levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-II, and IGF binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1), IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 were measured in 94 children with chronic renal failure (CRF). The results were compared with their respective age-dependent normal ranges, and the relationship with height and residual glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was examined. Each(More)
Recent evidence indicates that disturbances of the somatotropic hormone axis play an important pathogenic role for growth retardation and catabolism in children with chronic renal failure (CRF). Whereas the growth hormone (GH) secretion rate in CRF is variable between patients and studies, a prolonged half-life of GH as a result of a reduced renal metabolic(More)
Alport syndrome inevitably leads to end-stage renal disease and there are no therapies known to improve outcome. Here we determined whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors can delay time to dialysis and improve life expectancy in three generations of Alport families. Patients were categorized by renal function at the initiation of therapy and(More)
It is currently being debated whether pharmacokinetic monitoring of mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active constituent of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), can optimize MMF therapy after organ transplantation. This open-label longitudinal study in pediatric renal transplant recipients was designed to investigate the pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic relationship(More)
Serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-II, and IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 were measured in 54 children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The results were compared with their respective age-dependent normal ranges. IGFs and IGFBPs were quantified by specific radioimmunoassay. Serum IGF-I in children with ESRD(More)
The severe side effects of long-term corticosteroid or cyclosporin A (CsA) therapy complicate the treatment of children with frequently relapsing steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (FR-SSNS). We conducted a randomized, multicenter, open-label, crossover study comparing the efficacy and safety of a 1-year treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; target(More)