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Video rasterstereography is a method for back surface measurement comprising automatic back surface reconstruction and shape analysis. It is particularly appropriate for the examination of scoliosis. In this application shape analysis includes model-based calculations of vertebral rotation (determined from surface rotation) and of the spinal midline in(More)
BACKGROUND Back surface topography has gained acceptance in recent decades. At the same time, the motivation to use this technique has increased. From the view of the patient, the cosmetic aspect has played and still plays a major role as it provides a comprehensive documentation of cosmetic impairment. From the view of the medical practitioner, the aspect(More)
A method for automatic measurement of anatomical landmarks on the back surface is presented. The landmarks correspond to the verteba prominens, the dimples of the posterior superior iliac spines and the sacrum point (beginning of rima ani), which are characterized by distinct surface curvature. The surface curvatures are calculated from rasterstereographic(More)
Measurement of vertebral rotation from frontal X-ray projections of the pedicles was introduced by Nash and Moe. By the introduction of a vertebral model, their method and different modifications can be described and characterized easily. A geometrical analysis shows, that two parameters are sufficient for this model. When applying an appropriate(More)
A method for the objective detection of anatomical landmarks on the body surface is presented. The method is based on an analysis of local surface shape which is described in terms of surface curvature. The curvature is calculated from the surface coordinates as measured by optical methods such as moiré topography or rasterstereography. As an example, the(More)
The anatomical landmarks on the body surface are important to shape and motion analysis. This paper presents a method for extracting anatomical landmarks on the foot from scattered 3D surface points collected by FastSCAN (Polhemus, Colchester, Vermont, USA). By least squares surface fitting, the surface is reconstructed from the scattered points and the(More)
BACKGROUND The correlations between the sagittal jaw position and the cranio-cervical inclination are described in literature. Only few studies focus on the sagittal jaw position and the body posture using valid and objective orthopaedic examination methods. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with malocclusions reveal significant(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation ratios between the sagittal back contour (flèche cervicale and lombaire, trunk inclination) and selected parameters of craniofacial morphology in children. The patient sample consisted of 66 healthy children with a mean age of 11.2 years (SD 1.6 years), of which 34 were male (mean age 11.5 years, SD 1.3(More)
  • B Drerup
  • 1982
Contour line patterns, as they are produced by Moiré Topography are dependent of position, posture and body-shape of the patient. For all medical applications data are needed, which are only dependent of shape and posture and which therefore have to be independent of positioning. Angles between tangents to the body surface are independent of positioning.(More)