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The authors implemented an electronic medical record system in a rural Kenyan health center. Visit data are recorded on a paper encounter form, eliminating duplicate documentation in multiple clinic logbooks. Data are entered into an MS-Access database supported by redundant power systems. The system was initiated in February 2001, and 10,000 visit records(More)
Millions of people are continue to die each year from HIV/AIDS. The majority of infected persons (>95%) live in the developing world. A worthy response to this pandemic will require coordinated, scalable, and flexible information systems. We describe the OpenMRS system, an open source, collaborative effort that can serve as a foundation for EMR development(More)
UNLABELLED We describe the performance of a particular natural language processing system that uses knowledge vectors to extract findings from radiology reports. LifeCode (A-Life Medical, Inc.) has been successfully coding reports for billing purposes for several years. In this study, we describe the use of LifeCode to code all findings within a set of 500(More)
OBJECTIVE Little evidence exists on effective interventions to integrate HIV-care guidelines into practices within developing countries. This study tested the hypothesis that clinical summaries with computer-generated reminders could improve clinicians' compliance with CD4 testing guidelines in the resource-limited setting of sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN A(More)
The developing world faces a series of health crises including HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis that threaten the lives of millions of people. Lack of infrastructure and trained, experienced staff are considered important barriers to scaling up treatment for these diseases. In this paper we explain why information systems are important in many healthcare projects(More)
The ability to access large amounts of de-identified clinical data would facilitate epidemiologic and retrospective research. Previously described de-identification methods require knowledge of natural language processing or have not been made available to the public. We take advantage of the fact that the vast majority of proper names in pathology reports(More)
OBJECTIVE OpenMRS (www.openmrs.org) is a configurable open source electronic medical record application developed and maintained by a large network of open source developers coordinated by the Regenstrief Institute and Partners in Health and mainly used for HIV patient and treatment information management in Africa. Our objective is to develop an open(More)
'Open Source' is a 20-40 year old approach to licensing and distributing software that has recently burst into public view. Against conventional wisdom this approach has been wildly successful in the general software market--probably because the openness lets programmers the world over obtain, critique, use, and build upon the source code without licensing(More)
OBJECTIVE In parts of the developing world traditionally modeled healthcare systems do not adequately meet the needs of the populace. This can be due to imbalances in both supply and demand--there may be a lack of sufficient healthcare and the population most at need may be unable or unwilling to take advantage of it. Home-based care has emerged as a(More)
OpenMRS is an open source infrastructure for the creation of medical record systems in developing countries. Produced and maintained collaboratively across multiple institutions, this framework consists of an open source data model, a set of core application functions, and a default implementation. The goal of this implementation is to provide the(More)