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1. The main carotenoids in wild Penaeus monodon exoskeleton were astaxanthin di- and mono-esters, astaxanthin, and beta-carotene. 2. Wild P. monodon exoskeleton contained on average 26.3 ppm total carotenoid; normally pigmented farmed shrimp had a similar concentration (25.3 ppm). 3. Exoskeletons of farmed "blue" P. monodon (i.e. blue-coloured, as opposed(More)
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