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We screened 50 Korean traditional natural plants to measure the activation effect on choline acetyltransferase and attenuation of scopolamine-induced amnesia. The methanolic extracts from Zizyphus jujuba among the tested 50 plants, showed the highest activatory effect (34.1%) on choline acetyltransferase in vitro. By sequential fractionation of Zizyphus(More)
The amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide is known to increase free radical production in nerve cells, leading to cell death. To investigate the effect of Rosa laevigata against Abeta-induced oxidative damage, in vitro assays and in vivo behavioral tests were performed. R. laevigata showed cell protective effects against oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity. MTT(More)
This study was performed to identify safe and more effective acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The total methanol extract of Citrus junos had a significant inhibitory effect on AChE in vitro. By sequential fractionation of C.junos, the active component was finally identified as naringenin. Naringenin inhibited(More)
Amyloid beta protein (Abeta) increases free radical production and lipid peroxidation in PC12 nerve cells, leading to apoptosis and cell death. The effect of ursolic acid from Origanum majorana L. on Abeta-induced neurotoxicity was investigated using PC12 cells. Pretreatment with isolated ursolic acid and vitamin E prevented the PC12 cell from reactive(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, which enhance cholinergic transmission by reducing the enzymatic degradation of acetylcholine, are the only source of the compound that is currently approved for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The methanol extract from Fiatoua villosa among 100 traditional edible plants that were tested, showed the most(More)
The brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients are characterized by large deposits of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta). Abeta is known to increase free radical production in nerve cells, leading to cell death that is characterized by lipid peroxidation, free radical formation, protein oxi-dation, and DNA/RNA oxidation. In this study, we selected an extract of(More)
An ethanolic extract of Allium tuberosum Rottl. demonstrated potent choline acetytrasferase (ChAT) activating activity (45%) among 30 screened Korean edible plants. The ChAT activator of A. tuberoum Rottl. was purified and identified as ferulic acid [4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid] via silica-gel open-column chromatography, HPLC, EI-MS, and 1H/13C-NMR.(More)
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