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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Subclinical atrial fibrillation (AF) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) are the major causes of cryptogenic stroke, and neuroimaging may help distinguish the cause. We compared the imaging characteristics of ischemic stroke caused by PFO (PFO-stroke) and AF (AF-stroke). METHODS We recruited 117 patients with PFO-stroke and 358 patients(More)
The radioprotective effect of geraniin, a tannin compound isolated from Nymphaea tetragona Georgi var. (Nymphaeaceae), against γ-radiation-induced damage was investigated in Chinese hamster lung fibroblast (V79-4) cells. Geraniin recovered cell viability detected by MTT test and colony formation assay, which was compromised by γ-radiation, and reduced the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Considering that insufficient platelet inhibition is related to thrombotic complications after coronary angiography, we hypothesized that the extent of platelet inhibition by antiplatelet agents is related to the occurrence of silent embolic cerebral infarction (SECI) after coronary angiography. METHODS Among the patients scheduled(More)
The objective of this study was to elucidate the cytotoxic mechanism of Compound K, with respect to the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the mitochondrial involved apoptosis, in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. Compound K exhibited a concentration of 50% growth inhibition (IC(50)) at 20 μg/mL and cytotoxicity in a time dependent manner.(More)
The protective properties of irisolidone (a metabolite of kakkalide by intestinal bacteria) against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) induced cell damage were investigated. Irisolidone was found to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, and the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), thereby preventing lipid peroxidation and DNA damage.(More)
We studied the cytoprotective effect of triphlorethol-A against gamma-ray radiation-induced oxidative stress. In this study, hydrogen peroxide, which is a reactive oxygen species (ROS), was detected using 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA) assay. Triphlorethol-A reduced intracellular hydrogen peroxide generated by gamma-ray radiation. This(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The onset of wake-up stroke and daytime-unwitnessed stroke is unclear. Though the clinical importance is similar by both being excluded from reperfusion therapy, the characteristics of daytime-unwitnessed stroke are less known than that of wake-up stroke. Here, we compared the characteristics between daytime-unwitnessed stroke and(More)
The present study investigated the cytoprotective properties of glycitein, a metabolite formed by the transformation of glycitin by intestinal microflora, against oxidative stress. Glycitein was found to scavenge intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, and thereby preventing lipid peroxidation and DNA(More)
Oxidative stress is known to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells, which subsequently induce the synthesis of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and an aging phenomenon. The protective effects of triphlorethol-A, derived from Ecklonia cava, were investigated against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced damage using human skin keratinocytes. Data(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Mismatch in lesion visibility between diffusion-weighted image and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery image (DWI-FLAIR mismatch) has been proposed as a biomarker for the estimation of ischemic lesion age. The actual onset in some patients with unclear-onset stroke (UnCOS) may be close to the first-found abnormal time. We hypothesized(More)