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BACKGROUND Thoracotomy is a surgical procedure associated with severe pain. Operative morbidity rates reduce by effective postoperative pain control. The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the thoracic epidural blockade (TEB) and the paravertebral blockade (PVB) methods in relieving the pain caused by a thoracotomy incision. MATERIALS(More)
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) may have low serum vitamin B12 and folate levels and high levels of homocysteine. We aimed to evaluate serum vitamin B12, folate, homocysteine, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), hemoglobin (Hb), and hematocrit (Hct) levels in patients with MS. We examined the relationship between these parameters and age, sex, disease(More)
The neurological history and examination are important in multiple sclerosis (MS) diagnosis, but early and accurate diagnosis of MS often requires judicious use of paraclinical information. Electrophysiologic techniques have an important role in demonstrating lesions that are clincally silent but magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is accepted as the most(More)
We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study in 13 patients (aged 22 to 54 years) with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). They were randomly assigned to receive a loading dose of immunoglobulin IgG, 0.4 g/kg body weight/day for 5 consecutive days, followed by single booster doses of 0.4 g/kg/day, or placebo, once a month for 9 months. MRI(More)
Intrathoracic fracture dislocation of the humeral head due to a blunt trauma is very rare. It may be accompanied by local and systemic injuries associated with high-energy trauma. Because a limited number of cases were reported, appropriate treatment modality remains unclear. A case of intrathoracic humeral head fracture-dislocation caused by a high-speed(More)
BACKGROUND Tube thoracostomy (TT) is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in thoracic surgery clinics. The procedure might have to be repeated due to ineffective drainage in patients with tube malposition (TM), in whom the drain is not directed to the apex or located in the fissure. Trocar technique, which is used to prevent TM, is not recommended(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has a severe influence on the nervous system and it is more likely to occur on the nerves of the upper and lower extremities than on the cranial nerves. According to the statistics, the incidence of cranial nerve involvement ranges anywhere from 3% to 14%. The aim of this study is to perform facial nerve conduction studies in diabetic(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction is an important consequence of thyroid hormone deficiency Several studies using objective behavioral measures reported that cognition is impaired in patients with hypothyroidism. The aim of the present study is to evaluate objectively the functional changes in the nervous system and possible cognitive effects of(More)
OBJECTIVES Elastofibroma dorsi (ED) is a rare, benign lesion arising from connective tissue, usually found at the inferior pole of the scapula. To date, only a few small series have been reported in the English literature and there are few data about the long-term outcomes after surgery. Our goal is to contribute a better understanding of this tumour and to(More)