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OBJECTIVE Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and atherosclerosis are frequently observed in uremic patients and they have appeared as an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of ramipril and amlodipine on left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT)(More)
The Marmara earthquake occurred on 17 August 1999. There were 639 renal victims, of whom 477 needed some form of renal replacement therapy. Although several medical complications have been reported in the literature, there has been no detailed description of infectious complications in patients with crush syndrome after earthquakes. Data from 35 hospitals(More)
BACKGROUND Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) was suggested to modulate inflammatory cytokine production. Angiotensin II was consistently shown to increase production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). However, inflammatory cytokines and RAS were modulated by genetic polymorphisms such as TNF-alpha-308 G > A and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D(More)
This population-based epidemiological study was aimed to evaluate the daily salt intake and its relation to blood pressure in a representative group of Turkish population. The enrolled normotensive and hypertensive individuals (n = 1970) completed a questionnaire including demographics, dietary habits, hypertension awareness and drug usage. Blood pressure(More)
Central venous catheters in hemodialysis patients may result in superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. With the increasing use of these catheters, the SVC syndrome will probably be more common among hemodialysis patients. This report describes 3 cases of SVC syndrome due to central venous catheters that developed in hemodialysis patients with previous multiple(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of bone is a relatively new technique that appears to assess 'bone quality' in addition to bone mineral density. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic potential of QUS of calcaneum and to correlate it with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in chronic haemodialysis patients. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis remains a significant health problem for patients receiving long-term hemodialysis (HD). The tuberculin skin test (TST) is an important method for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. This study examined the significance and frequency of the booster phenomenon in serial TST of HD patients. METHOD Fifty-three outpatients(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodialysis (HD) patients suffer from inflammation and accelerated atherosclerosis that accounts for a large number of premature deaths. The anti-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-10 gene is polymorphic and potential direct effects of IL-10 gene polymorphisms on the circulating serum levels of adhesion molecules, inflammation and atherosclerosis in(More)
Patients with end-stage renal disease have a very high prevalence and extent of arterial calcification. A number of studies suggest that similar pathophysiologic mechanisms are responsible for development and progression of calcification of atherosclerotic plaque and bone formation. Fetuin-A is a potent calcification inhibitor and is expressed in bone, with(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance, a frequent prediabetic metabolic complication after renal transplantation, is generally linked to immunosuppressive drugs including corticosteroids, cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus, as well as to age, cadaveric donors and ethnic factors. Cytokines are known to be inflammation modulatory substances that contribute to metabolic(More)